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Middle Pleistocene faunal turnover and colonization of Flores (Indonesia) by Homo erectus

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Several stone artefacts have been found in a fluvial sandstone layer belonging to the Ola Bula Formation, near Mata Menge in the Ngada District, West Central Flores, Indonesia. Paleomagnetic measurements indicate a polarity change from reverse to normal a few meters underneath the artefact-bearing layer. This transition represents the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary, indicating an age of slightly less than 0.73 Ma BP for the artefact-bearing layer. This relatively old age suggests that the artefacts are the work of Homo erectus. The artefacts consist of several fractured basalt pebbles and flakes and were found in association with fossil remains of Stegodon trigonocephalus florensis Hooijer and freshwater mollusca. -Authors

Publication Date


  • 1994

Citation


  • Sondaar, P. Y., Van Den Bergh, G. D., Mubroto, B., Aziz, F., De Vos, J., & Batu, U. L. (1994). Middle Pleistocene faunal turnover and colonization of Flores (Indonesia) by Homo erectus. Comptes Rendus - Academie des Sciences, Serie II: Sciences de la Terre et des Planetes, 319(10), 1255-1262.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0028585272

Start Page


  • 1255

End Page


  • 1262

Volume


  • 319

Issue


  • 10

Abstract


  • Several stone artefacts have been found in a fluvial sandstone layer belonging to the Ola Bula Formation, near Mata Menge in the Ngada District, West Central Flores, Indonesia. Paleomagnetic measurements indicate a polarity change from reverse to normal a few meters underneath the artefact-bearing layer. This transition represents the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary, indicating an age of slightly less than 0.73 Ma BP for the artefact-bearing layer. This relatively old age suggests that the artefacts are the work of Homo erectus. The artefacts consist of several fractured basalt pebbles and flakes and were found in association with fossil remains of Stegodon trigonocephalus florensis Hooijer and freshwater mollusca. -Authors

Publication Date


  • 1994

Citation


  • Sondaar, P. Y., Van Den Bergh, G. D., Mubroto, B., Aziz, F., De Vos, J., & Batu, U. L. (1994). Middle Pleistocene faunal turnover and colonization of Flores (Indonesia) by Homo erectus. Comptes Rendus - Academie des Sciences, Serie II: Sciences de la Terre et des Planetes, 319(10), 1255-1262.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0028585272

Start Page


  • 1255

End Page


  • 1262

Volume


  • 319

Issue


  • 10