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Early pathways to bullying: A prospective longitudinal study examining the influences of theory of mind and social preference on bullying behaviour during the first 3 years of school

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Research has focused on the role of theory of mind (ToM) for positive social behaviour, while the association between ToM and negative social behaviours is less well understood. This longitudinal study compares two mediation models examining the role of ToM and peer-rated social preference at ages 5 and 6 for bullying at age 7. Participants were 114 children (58 boys, Mage = 67 months) at entry to primary school (T1). At Time 2 (T2), 106 children and, at Time 3 (T3), 96 children remained. Teacher-rated externalizing problems and children’s language ability were controlled at T1. Poor ToM was found to indirectly predict later bullying via poor social preference, while for boys only, greater earlier ToM directly predicted greater bullying 2 years later. These results suggest that there are different pathways to bullying via ToM and social preference, which has implications for interventions to prevent the development of bullying behaviour.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Fink, E., de Rosnay, M., Patalay, P., & Hunt, C. (2020). Early pathways to bullying: A prospective longitudinal study examining the influences of theory of mind and social preference on bullying behaviour during the first 3 years of school. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 38(3), 458-477. doi:10.1111/bjdp.12328

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85081734488

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 458

End Page


  • 477

Volume


  • 38

Issue


  • 3

Abstract


  • Research has focused on the role of theory of mind (ToM) for positive social behaviour, while the association between ToM and negative social behaviours is less well understood. This longitudinal study compares two mediation models examining the role of ToM and peer-rated social preference at ages 5 and 6 for bullying at age 7. Participants were 114 children (58 boys, Mage = 67 months) at entry to primary school (T1). At Time 2 (T2), 106 children and, at Time 3 (T3), 96 children remained. Teacher-rated externalizing problems and children’s language ability were controlled at T1. Poor ToM was found to indirectly predict later bullying via poor social preference, while for boys only, greater earlier ToM directly predicted greater bullying 2 years later. These results suggest that there are different pathways to bullying via ToM and social preference, which has implications for interventions to prevent the development of bullying behaviour.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Fink, E., de Rosnay, M., Patalay, P., & Hunt, C. (2020). Early pathways to bullying: A prospective longitudinal study examining the influences of theory of mind and social preference on bullying behaviour during the first 3 years of school. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 38(3), 458-477. doi:10.1111/bjdp.12328

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85081734488

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 458

End Page


  • 477

Volume


  • 38

Issue


  • 3