Skip to main content
placeholder image

An ¿-Cyanostilbene Derivative for the Enhanced Detection and Imaging of Amyloid Fibril Aggregates

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The aggregation of proteins into amyloid fibrils has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Benzothiazole dyes such as Thioflavin T (ThT) are well-characterized and widely used fluorescent probes for monitoring amyloid fibril formation. However, existing dyes lack sensitivity and specificity to oligomeric intermediates formed during fibril formation. In this work, we describe the use of an α-cyanostilbene derivative (called ASCP) with aggregation-induced emission properties as a fluorescent probe for the detection of amyloid fibrils. Similar to ThT, ASCP is fluorogenic in the presence of amyloid fibrils and, upon binding and excitation at 460 nm, produces a red-shifted emission with a large Stokes shift of 145 nm. ASCP has a higher binding affinity to fibrillar α-synuclein than ThT and likely shares the same binding sites to amyloid fibrils. Importantly, ASCP was found to also be fluorogenic in the presence of amorphous aggregates and can detect oligomeric species formed early during aggregation. Moreover, ASCP can be used to visualize fibrils via total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy and, due to its large Stokes shift, simultaneously monitor the fluorescence emission of other labelled proteins following excitation with the same laser used to excite ASCP. Consequently, ASCP possesses enhanced and unique spectral characteristics compared to ThT that make it a promising alternative for the in vitro study of amyloid fibrils and the mechanisms by which they form.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Marzano, N. R., Wray, K. M., Johnston, C. L., Paudel, B. P., Hong, Y., Van Oijen, A., & Ecroyd, H. (2020). An ¿-Cyanostilbene Derivative for the Enhanced Detection and Imaging of Amyloid Fibril Aggregates. ACS Chemical Neuroscience, 11(24), 4191-4202. doi:10.1021/acschemneuro.0c00478

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85097731225

Start Page


  • 4191

End Page


  • 4202

Volume


  • 11

Issue


  • 24

Abstract


  • The aggregation of proteins into amyloid fibrils has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Benzothiazole dyes such as Thioflavin T (ThT) are well-characterized and widely used fluorescent probes for monitoring amyloid fibril formation. However, existing dyes lack sensitivity and specificity to oligomeric intermediates formed during fibril formation. In this work, we describe the use of an α-cyanostilbene derivative (called ASCP) with aggregation-induced emission properties as a fluorescent probe for the detection of amyloid fibrils. Similar to ThT, ASCP is fluorogenic in the presence of amyloid fibrils and, upon binding and excitation at 460 nm, produces a red-shifted emission with a large Stokes shift of 145 nm. ASCP has a higher binding affinity to fibrillar α-synuclein than ThT and likely shares the same binding sites to amyloid fibrils. Importantly, ASCP was found to also be fluorogenic in the presence of amorphous aggregates and can detect oligomeric species formed early during aggregation. Moreover, ASCP can be used to visualize fibrils via total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy and, due to its large Stokes shift, simultaneously monitor the fluorescence emission of other labelled proteins following excitation with the same laser used to excite ASCP. Consequently, ASCP possesses enhanced and unique spectral characteristics compared to ThT that make it a promising alternative for the in vitro study of amyloid fibrils and the mechanisms by which they form.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Marzano, N. R., Wray, K. M., Johnston, C. L., Paudel, B. P., Hong, Y., Van Oijen, A., & Ecroyd, H. (2020). An ¿-Cyanostilbene Derivative for the Enhanced Detection and Imaging of Amyloid Fibril Aggregates. ACS Chemical Neuroscience, 11(24), 4191-4202. doi:10.1021/acschemneuro.0c00478

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85097731225

Start Page


  • 4191

End Page


  • 4202

Volume


  • 11

Issue


  • 24