Skip to main content
placeholder image

Respiratory and Vascular Responses to Simple Visual Stimuli in Autistics, Retardates and Normals

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Experiment 1 examined changes in respiratory period, peripheral pulse amplitude and cephalic pulse amplitude in autistic, retarded and normal children as a function of stimulus novelty. The respiratory measure showed habituation in the retardates and normals but not in the autistic group. Measures of peripheral and cephalic pulse amplitude showed no habituation in any group, but a higher mean response level for autistics. Autistic children thus differed from both retarded and normal children in two respects: a failure to habituate phasic respiratory responses, and enhanced response magnitude in the vascular systems. This experiment was replicated using groups of preschool children and university students. Results indicated significant age effects in the vascular systems, with preschoolers showing enhanced response magnitude. It was thus argued that autistics may display a general developmental lag in phasic vascular response measures, and an additional specific deficit indicated by failure to habituate respiratory responses. The implications of these group differences were discussed in relation to the etiology of autistic psychopathology. Copyright © 1980, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

Publication Date


  • 1980

Citation


  • James, A. L., & Barry, R. J. (1980). Respiratory and Vascular Responses to Simple Visual Stimuli in Autistics, Retardates and Normals. Psychophysiology, 17(6), 541-547. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.1980.tb02294.x

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0019127120

Start Page


  • 541

End Page


  • 547

Volume


  • 17

Issue


  • 6

Abstract


  • Experiment 1 examined changes in respiratory period, peripheral pulse amplitude and cephalic pulse amplitude in autistic, retarded and normal children as a function of stimulus novelty. The respiratory measure showed habituation in the retardates and normals but not in the autistic group. Measures of peripheral and cephalic pulse amplitude showed no habituation in any group, but a higher mean response level for autistics. Autistic children thus differed from both retarded and normal children in two respects: a failure to habituate phasic respiratory responses, and enhanced response magnitude in the vascular systems. This experiment was replicated using groups of preschool children and university students. Results indicated significant age effects in the vascular systems, with preschoolers showing enhanced response magnitude. It was thus argued that autistics may display a general developmental lag in phasic vascular response measures, and an additional specific deficit indicated by failure to habituate respiratory responses. The implications of these group differences were discussed in relation to the etiology of autistic psychopathology. Copyright © 1980, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

Publication Date


  • 1980

Citation


  • James, A. L., & Barry, R. J. (1980). Respiratory and Vascular Responses to Simple Visual Stimuli in Autistics, Retardates and Normals. Psychophysiology, 17(6), 541-547. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.1980.tb02294.x

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-0019127120

Start Page


  • 541

End Page


  • 547

Volume


  • 17

Issue


  • 6