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Investigation of DPM dispersion in unventilated dead-ends using transient flow modelling

Journal Article


Abstract


  • This paper presents a detailed study of DPM dispersion in unventilated dead-end cross-cuts in an underground mine. The dispersion and dilution of DPM was measured in dead-end with time when the air is flowing in the main gallery. Parametric studies were conducted by varying the dead-end cross-cut lengths (10 m, 15 m, 20 m and 25 m), varying cross-cut angles (450, 900 and 1,350) with the main gallery and varying the velocities (0.5 m/s, 1 m/s, 2 m/s, 3 m/s, 4 m/s) in the main gallery across the cross-cuts. The results obtained show that longer time durations are required to dilute DPM for greater dead-end cross-cut lengths and angles. For 50 m dead-end cross-cut, it took five hours to reduce DPM concentration from 820 µg/m3 to 100 µg/m3. Studies also show that higher air velocity in adjacent main gallery results in shorter dilution time durations in dead-end cross-cuts. When the air velocity is below 0.5 m/s in the main gallery, no influence of DPM dilution was observed in the unventilated cross-cut for a long time.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Morla, R., Karekal, S., & Godbole, A. (2020). Investigation of DPM dispersion in unventilated dead-ends using transient flow modelling. International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 11(2), 121-133. doi:10.1504/IJMME.2020.108645

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85094976715

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 121

End Page


  • 133

Volume


  • 11

Issue


  • 2

Abstract


  • This paper presents a detailed study of DPM dispersion in unventilated dead-end cross-cuts in an underground mine. The dispersion and dilution of DPM was measured in dead-end with time when the air is flowing in the main gallery. Parametric studies were conducted by varying the dead-end cross-cut lengths (10 m, 15 m, 20 m and 25 m), varying cross-cut angles (450, 900 and 1,350) with the main gallery and varying the velocities (0.5 m/s, 1 m/s, 2 m/s, 3 m/s, 4 m/s) in the main gallery across the cross-cuts. The results obtained show that longer time durations are required to dilute DPM for greater dead-end cross-cut lengths and angles. For 50 m dead-end cross-cut, it took five hours to reduce DPM concentration from 820 µg/m3 to 100 µg/m3. Studies also show that higher air velocity in adjacent main gallery results in shorter dilution time durations in dead-end cross-cuts. When the air velocity is below 0.5 m/s in the main gallery, no influence of DPM dilution was observed in the unventilated cross-cut for a long time.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Morla, R., Karekal, S., & Godbole, A. (2020). Investigation of DPM dispersion in unventilated dead-ends using transient flow modelling. International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 11(2), 121-133. doi:10.1504/IJMME.2020.108645

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85094976715

Web Of Science Accession Number


Start Page


  • 121

End Page


  • 133

Volume


  • 11

Issue


  • 2