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Direct Mechanical Stimulation of Stem Cells: A Beating Electromechanically Active Scaffold for Cardiac Tissue Engineering

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The combination of stem cell therapy with a supportive scaffold is a promising approach to improving cardiac tissue engineering. Stem cell therapy can be used to repair nonfunctioning heart tissue and achieve myocardial regeneration, and scaffold materials can be utilized in order to successfully deliver and support stem cells in vivo. Current research describes passive scaffold materials; here an electroactive scaffold that provides electrical, mechanical, and topographical cues to induced human pluripotent stem cells (iPS) is presented. The poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) fiber scaffold coated with conductive polymer polypyrrole (PPy) is capable of delivering direct electrical and mechanical stimulation to the iPS. The electroactive scaffolds demonstrate no cytotoxic effects on the iPS as well as an increased expression of cardiac markers for both stimulated and unstimulated protocols. This study demonstrates the first application of PPy as a supportive electroactive material for iPS and the first development of a fiber scaffold capable of dynamic mechanical actuation.

UOW Authors


  •   Jager, Edwin (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Gelmi, A., Cieslar-Pobuda, A., de Muinck, E., Los, M., Rafat, M., & Jager, E. W. H. (2016). Direct Mechanical Stimulation of Stem Cells: A Beating Electromechanically Active Scaffold for Cardiac Tissue Engineering. Advanced Healthcare Materials, 5(12), 1471-1480. doi:10.1002/adhm.201600307

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84976574839

Start Page


  • 1471

End Page


  • 1480

Volume


  • 5

Issue


  • 12

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • The combination of stem cell therapy with a supportive scaffold is a promising approach to improving cardiac tissue engineering. Stem cell therapy can be used to repair nonfunctioning heart tissue and achieve myocardial regeneration, and scaffold materials can be utilized in order to successfully deliver and support stem cells in vivo. Current research describes passive scaffold materials; here an electroactive scaffold that provides electrical, mechanical, and topographical cues to induced human pluripotent stem cells (iPS) is presented. The poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) fiber scaffold coated with conductive polymer polypyrrole (PPy) is capable of delivering direct electrical and mechanical stimulation to the iPS. The electroactive scaffolds demonstrate no cytotoxic effects on the iPS as well as an increased expression of cardiac markers for both stimulated and unstimulated protocols. This study demonstrates the first application of PPy as a supportive electroactive material for iPS and the first development of a fiber scaffold capable of dynamic mechanical actuation.

UOW Authors


  •   Jager, Edwin (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Gelmi, A., Cieslar-Pobuda, A., de Muinck, E., Los, M., Rafat, M., & Jager, E. W. H. (2016). Direct Mechanical Stimulation of Stem Cells: A Beating Electromechanically Active Scaffold for Cardiac Tissue Engineering. Advanced Healthcare Materials, 5(12), 1471-1480. doi:10.1002/adhm.201600307

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84976574839

Start Page


  • 1471

End Page


  • 1480

Volume


  • 5

Issue


  • 12

Place Of Publication