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Illuminating dark fishing fleets in North Korea

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing threatens resource sustainability and equity. A major challenge with such activity is that most fishing vessels do not broadcast their positions and are ���dark��� in public monitoring systems. Combining four satellite technologies, we identify widespread illegal fishing by dark fleets in the waters between the Koreas, Japan, and Russia. We find >900 vessels of Chinese origin in 2017 and >700 in 2018 fished illegally in North Korean waters, catching an estimated amount of Todarodes pacificus approximating that of Japan and South Korea combined (>164,000 metric tons worth >$440 million). We further find ~3000 small-scale North Korean vessels fished, mostly illegally, in Russian waters. These results can inform independent oversight of transboundary fisheries and foreshadow a new era in satellite monitoring of fisheries.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Park, J., Lee, J., Seto, K., Hochberg, T., Wong, B. A., Miller, N. A., . . . Kroodsma, D. A. (2020). Illuminating dark fishing fleets in North Korea. Science Advances, 6(30). doi:10.1126/sciadv.abb1197

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85090534654

Volume


  • 6

Issue


  • 30

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • Illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing threatens resource sustainability and equity. A major challenge with such activity is that most fishing vessels do not broadcast their positions and are ���dark��� in public monitoring systems. Combining four satellite technologies, we identify widespread illegal fishing by dark fleets in the waters between the Koreas, Japan, and Russia. We find >900 vessels of Chinese origin in 2017 and >700 in 2018 fished illegally in North Korean waters, catching an estimated amount of Todarodes pacificus approximating that of Japan and South Korea combined (>164,000 metric tons worth >$440 million). We further find ~3000 small-scale North Korean vessels fished, mostly illegally, in Russian waters. These results can inform independent oversight of transboundary fisheries and foreshadow a new era in satellite monitoring of fisheries.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Park, J., Lee, J., Seto, K., Hochberg, T., Wong, B. A., Miller, N. A., . . . Kroodsma, D. A. (2020). Illuminating dark fishing fleets in North Korea. Science Advances, 6(30). doi:10.1126/sciadv.abb1197

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85090534654

Volume


  • 6

Issue


  • 30

Place Of Publication