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A machine learning-based framework for delivery error prediction in proton pencil beam scanning using irradiation log-files

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Purpose: This study aims to investigate the use of machine learning models for delivery error prediction in proton pencil beam scanning (PBS) delivery. Methods: A dataset of planned and delivered PBS spot parameters was generated from a set of 20 prostate patient treatments. Planned spot parameters (spot position, MU and energy) were extracted from the treatment planning system (TPS) for each beam. Delivered spot parameters were extracted from irradiation log-files for each beam delivery following treatment. The dataset was used as a training dataset for three machine learning models which were trained to predict delivered spot parameters based on planned parameters. K-fold cross validation was employed for hyper-parameter tuning and model selection where the mean absolute error (MAE) was used as the model evaluation metric. The model with lowest MAE was then selected to generate a predicted dose distribution for a test prostate patient within a commercial TPS. Results: Analysis of the spot position delivery error between planned and delivered values resulted in standard deviations of 0.39 mm and 0.44 mm for x and y spot positions respectively. Prediction error standard deviation values of spot positions using the selected model were 0.22 mm and 0.11 mm for x and y spot positions respectively. Finally, a three-way comparison of dose distributions and DVH values for select OARs indicates that the random-forest-predicted dose distribution within the test prostate patient was in closer agreement to the delivered dose distribution than the planned distribution. Conclusions: PBS delivery error can be accurately predicted using machine learning techniques.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Maes, D., Bowen, S. R., Regmi, R., Bloch, C., Wong, T., Rosenfeld, A., & Saini, J. (2020). A machine learning-based framework for delivery error prediction in proton pencil beam scanning using irradiation log-files. Physica Medica, 78, 179-186. doi:10.1016/j.ejmp.2020.09.008

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85092087949

Start Page


  • 179

End Page


  • 186

Volume


  • 78

Abstract


  • Purpose: This study aims to investigate the use of machine learning models for delivery error prediction in proton pencil beam scanning (PBS) delivery. Methods: A dataset of planned and delivered PBS spot parameters was generated from a set of 20 prostate patient treatments. Planned spot parameters (spot position, MU and energy) were extracted from the treatment planning system (TPS) for each beam. Delivered spot parameters were extracted from irradiation log-files for each beam delivery following treatment. The dataset was used as a training dataset for three machine learning models which were trained to predict delivered spot parameters based on planned parameters. K-fold cross validation was employed for hyper-parameter tuning and model selection where the mean absolute error (MAE) was used as the model evaluation metric. The model with lowest MAE was then selected to generate a predicted dose distribution for a test prostate patient within a commercial TPS. Results: Analysis of the spot position delivery error between planned and delivered values resulted in standard deviations of 0.39 mm and 0.44 mm for x and y spot positions respectively. Prediction error standard deviation values of spot positions using the selected model were 0.22 mm and 0.11 mm for x and y spot positions respectively. Finally, a three-way comparison of dose distributions and DVH values for select OARs indicates that the random-forest-predicted dose distribution within the test prostate patient was in closer agreement to the delivered dose distribution than the planned distribution. Conclusions: PBS delivery error can be accurately predicted using machine learning techniques.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Maes, D., Bowen, S. R., Regmi, R., Bloch, C., Wong, T., Rosenfeld, A., & Saini, J. (2020). A machine learning-based framework for delivery error prediction in proton pencil beam scanning using irradiation log-files. Physica Medica, 78, 179-186. doi:10.1016/j.ejmp.2020.09.008

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85092087949

Start Page


  • 179

End Page


  • 186

Volume


  • 78