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Neurophysiological correlates of visuospatial attention and the social dynamics of gaze processing

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The reflexive orienting response triggered by nonpredictive gaze cues is thought to be driven by a dedicated social neural network responsible for directing attention toward socially salient information. However, atypical processing of eye gaze using concomitant perceptual features has been proposed to underlie attentional orienting in groups with impairments in social cognition. Here, we examined the neurophysiological indices of visuospatial attention during a spatial cueing task, considering individual variability in social cognition in typically developing individuals, and the relative salience of social gaze and perceptual motion cues. We found enhanced neural activation to incongruent cues, wherein modulation of the N2b serves as a marker of the allocation of attention in the spatial domain. Our findings suggest the social gaze cue is less salient for those with greater autistic traits. An attentional bias toward perceptual motion cues correlated with greater social anxiety and alexithymia, and thus may reflect reduced sensitivity to social stimuli. These results provide evidence for likely neurophysiological mechanisms underlying gaze cueing and offer insight into the use of qualitatively different cognitive mechanisms used to access social information. Such paradigms provide potential insight into normative orienting responses reported in atypical groups and would benefit investigations of gaze following abilities in clinical populations.

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Wei, G., Rushby, J. A., & De Blasio, F. M. (2019). Neurophysiological correlates of visuospatial attention and the social dynamics of gaze processing. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 19(5), 1218-1230. doi:10.3758/s13415-019-00728-w

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85067387543

Start Page


  • 1218

End Page


  • 1230

Volume


  • 19

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • The reflexive orienting response triggered by nonpredictive gaze cues is thought to be driven by a dedicated social neural network responsible for directing attention toward socially salient information. However, atypical processing of eye gaze using concomitant perceptual features has been proposed to underlie attentional orienting in groups with impairments in social cognition. Here, we examined the neurophysiological indices of visuospatial attention during a spatial cueing task, considering individual variability in social cognition in typically developing individuals, and the relative salience of social gaze and perceptual motion cues. We found enhanced neural activation to incongruent cues, wherein modulation of the N2b serves as a marker of the allocation of attention in the spatial domain. Our findings suggest the social gaze cue is less salient for those with greater autistic traits. An attentional bias toward perceptual motion cues correlated with greater social anxiety and alexithymia, and thus may reflect reduced sensitivity to social stimuli. These results provide evidence for likely neurophysiological mechanisms underlying gaze cueing and offer insight into the use of qualitatively different cognitive mechanisms used to access social information. Such paradigms provide potential insight into normative orienting responses reported in atypical groups and would benefit investigations of gaze following abilities in clinical populations.

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Wei, G., Rushby, J. A., & De Blasio, F. M. (2019). Neurophysiological correlates of visuospatial attention and the social dynamics of gaze processing. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 19(5), 1218-1230. doi:10.3758/s13415-019-00728-w

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85067387543

Start Page


  • 1218

End Page


  • 1230

Volume


  • 19

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication