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Nanoscale characterization of the thermal interface resistance of a heat-sink composite material by in situ TEM

Journal Article


Abstract


  • We developed an original method of in situ nanoscale characterization of thermal resistance utilizing a high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). The focused electron beam of the HRTEM was used as a contact-free heat source and a piezo-movable nanothermocouple was developed as a thermal detector. This method has a high flexibility of supplying thermal-flux directions for nano/microscale thermal conductivity analysis, and is a powerful way to probe the thermal properties of complex or composite materials. Using this method we performed reproducible measurements of electron beam-induced temperature changes in pre-selected sections of a heat-sink -Al2O3/epoxy-based resin composite. Observed linear behavior of the temperature change in a filler reveals that Fourier's law holds even at such a mesoscopic scale. In addition, we successfully determined the thermal resistance of the nanoscale interfaces between neighboring -Al2O3 fillers to be 1.16 ��10-8 m2K W-1, which is 35 times larger than that of the fillers themselves. This method that we have discovered enables evaluation of thermal resistivity of composites on the nanoscale, combined with the ultimate spatial localization and resolution sample analysis capabilities that TEM entails.

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Kawamoto, N., Kakefuda, Y., Mori, T., Hirose, K., Mitome, M., Bando, Y., & Golberg, D. (2015). Nanoscale characterization of the thermal interface resistance of a heat-sink composite material by in situ TEM. Nanotechnology, 26(46). doi:10.1088/0957-4484/26/46/465705

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84947562858

Volume


  • 26

Issue


  • 46

Place Of Publication


Abstract


  • We developed an original method of in situ nanoscale characterization of thermal resistance utilizing a high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). The focused electron beam of the HRTEM was used as a contact-free heat source and a piezo-movable nanothermocouple was developed as a thermal detector. This method has a high flexibility of supplying thermal-flux directions for nano/microscale thermal conductivity analysis, and is a powerful way to probe the thermal properties of complex or composite materials. Using this method we performed reproducible measurements of electron beam-induced temperature changes in pre-selected sections of a heat-sink -Al2O3/epoxy-based resin composite. Observed linear behavior of the temperature change in a filler reveals that Fourier's law holds even at such a mesoscopic scale. In addition, we successfully determined the thermal resistance of the nanoscale interfaces between neighboring -Al2O3 fillers to be 1.16 ��10-8 m2K W-1, which is 35 times larger than that of the fillers themselves. This method that we have discovered enables evaluation of thermal resistivity of composites on the nanoscale, combined with the ultimate spatial localization and resolution sample analysis capabilities that TEM entails.

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Kawamoto, N., Kakefuda, Y., Mori, T., Hirose, K., Mitome, M., Bando, Y., & Golberg, D. (2015). Nanoscale characterization of the thermal interface resistance of a heat-sink composite material by in situ TEM. Nanotechnology, 26(46). doi:10.1088/0957-4484/26/46/465705

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84947562858

Volume


  • 26

Issue


  • 46

Place Of Publication