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Instructional strategies to promote incremental beliefs in youth sport

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Implicit beliefs about the nature of human abilities have significant motivational, behavioral, and affective consequences. The purpose of this article was to review the application of implicit beliefs to the youth sport context and to provide theoretically derived and evidence-based instructional strategies to promote adaptive implicit beliefs about human abilities within this context. A narrative overview of theory and a review of research pertaining to implicit beliefs in education, sport, and physical activity are undertaken. Theoretically derived and evidence-based instructional strategies are outlined, and specific coaching behaviors are suggested. Six instructional strategies to promote adaptive implicit beliefs in these contexts are suggested: focusing on effort and persistence, facilitating challenge, promoting the value of failure, defining success as effort, the promotion of learning, and providing high expectations. It is concluded that instructional strategies may be used to facilitate positive motivational, behavioral, and affective outcomes for young people within a sport context.

Publication Date


  • 2014

Published In


Citation


  • Vella, S. A., Cliff, D. P., Okely, A. D., Weintraub, D. L. & Robinson, T. N. (2014). Instructional strategies to promote incremental beliefs in youth sport. Quest, 66 (4), 357-370.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84919635080

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2443&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/1444

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 13

Start Page


  • 357

End Page


  • 370

Volume


  • 66

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Implicit beliefs about the nature of human abilities have significant motivational, behavioral, and affective consequences. The purpose of this article was to review the application of implicit beliefs to the youth sport context and to provide theoretically derived and evidence-based instructional strategies to promote adaptive implicit beliefs about human abilities within this context. A narrative overview of theory and a review of research pertaining to implicit beliefs in education, sport, and physical activity are undertaken. Theoretically derived and evidence-based instructional strategies are outlined, and specific coaching behaviors are suggested. Six instructional strategies to promote adaptive implicit beliefs in these contexts are suggested: focusing on effort and persistence, facilitating challenge, promoting the value of failure, defining success as effort, the promotion of learning, and providing high expectations. It is concluded that instructional strategies may be used to facilitate positive motivational, behavioral, and affective outcomes for young people within a sport context.

Publication Date


  • 2014

Published In


Citation


  • Vella, S. A., Cliff, D. P., Okely, A. D., Weintraub, D. L. & Robinson, T. N. (2014). Instructional strategies to promote incremental beliefs in youth sport. Quest, 66 (4), 357-370.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84919635080

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2443&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/1444

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 13

Start Page


  • 357

End Page


  • 370

Volume


  • 66

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • United States