In disaster environments, due to the destruction of local communication
infrastructures, wireless mobile agents (robots) are employed to search and
deploy to establish ad hoc networks. With the guidance of the network, first responders
can efficiently perform tasks in disaster environments. However, due to
the uncertainties and complexities of disaster environments and the limited capabilities
of wirelessmobile agents, it is challenging to apply wireless mobile agents
to disaster environments in both theory and practice. To this end, a task-based
wireless mobile agents search and deployment approach is proposed for ad hoc
network establishment in disaster environments. The proposed approach consists
of a search module and a deployment module. The search module enables wireless
mobile agents to efficiently move and collect information in an unknown and
complex disaster environment. The deployment module enables wireless mobile
agents to find suitable deployment locations based on the collected information.
The ad hoc networks established by the proposed approach can guarantee the
communications of wireless mobile agents in ad hoc networks. In addition, it can
cover the maximum number of tasks and maximum size of area in the disaster environment.
The experimental results demonstrate the advantages of the proposed
approach in terms of wireless mobile agents search and deployment for ad hoc
network establishment in disaster environments.