Exploring urinary continence (UC) assessment and management practices in Australian nursing homes.
Mixed method using a questionnaire and interviews.
Five nursing homes in Australian metropolitan cities.
Participants 121 staff: mostly female (91%) with a range of roles including personal care assistants (PCAs) (63%),
enrolled nurses (ENs) (11%), registered nurses (RNs) (20%) and managers (4%).
Main outcomes measure(s)
Compliance with and perceptions about UC assessment and management.
77% (n=71) of care staff (PCAs, ENs and RNs) were compliant with the UC management protocol of checking for
wetness every 2 to 2.5 hours. Toileting time and frequency of changing continence aids varied between nursing
homes. Perceptions about the accuracy of UC assessments and knowledge of an older person following UC
assessment also differed between nursing homes.
Areas where UC assessment and management in nursing homes could be improved include identifying the voiding
times of older people, compliance with care plans in management practice, and caregiver ability to assess the
capacity of continence aids to absorb urine. Training for effective continence care in nursing homes needs to be