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Apoptotic engulfment pathway and schizophrenia

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Background: Apoptosis has been speculated to be involved in schizophrenia. In a previously study, we reported the association of the MEGF10 gene with the disease. In this study, we followed the apoptotic engulfment pathway involving the MEGF10, GULP1, ABCA1 and ABCA7 genes and tested their association with the disease. Methodology/Principal Findings: Ten, eleven and five SNPs were genotyped in the GULP1, ABCA1 and ABCA7 genes respectively for the ISHDSF and ICCSS samples. In all 3 genes, we observed nominally significant associations. Rs2004888 at GULP1 was significant in both ISHDSF and ICCSS samples (p = 0.0083 and 0.0437 respectively). We sought replication in independent samples for this marker and found highly significant association (p = 0.0003) in 3 Caucasian replication samples. But it was not significant in the 2 Chinese replication samples. In addition, we found a significant 2-marker (rs2242436 * rs3858075) interaction between the ABCA1 and ABCA7 genes in the ISHDSF sample (p = 0.0022) and a 3-marker interaction (rs246896 * rs4522565 * rs3858075) amongst the MEGF10, GULP1 and ABCA1 genes in the ICCSS sample (p = 0.0120). Rs3858075 in the ABCA1 gene was involved in both 2- and 3-marker interactions in the two samples. Conclusions/Significance: From these data, we concluded that the GULP1 gene and the apoptotic engulfment pathway are involved in schizophrenia in subjects of European ancestry and multiple genes in the pathway may interactively increase the risks to the disease.

UOW Authors


  •   Chen, Xiangning (external author)
  •   Sun, Cuie (external author)
  •   Chen, Qi (external author)
  •   O'Neill, F. Anthony (external author)
  •   Walsh, Dermot (external author)
  •   Fanous, Ayman (external author)
  •   Chowdari, Kodabali V. (external author)
  •   Nimgaonkar, Vishwajit L. (external author)
  •   Scott, Adrian (external author)
  •   Schwab, Sibylle
  •   Wildenauer, Dieter B. (external author)
  •   Che, Ronglin (external author)
  •   Tang, Wei (external author)
  •   Shi, Yongyong (external author)
  •   He, Lin (external author)
  •   Luo, Xiong-jian (external author)
  •   Sun, Bing (external author)
  •   Edwards, Todd L. (external author)
  •   Zhao, Zhongming (external author)
  •   Kendler, Kenneth S. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2009

Citation


  • Chen, X., Sun, C., Chen, Q., O'Neill, F., Walsh, D., Fanous, A., Chowdari, K. V., Nimgaonkar, V. L., Scott, A., Schwab, S. G., Wildenauer, D. B., Che, R., Tang, W., Shi, Y., He, L., Luo, X., Sun, B., Edwards, T. L., Zhao, Z. & Kendler, K. S. (2009). Apoptotic engulfment pathway and schizophrenia. PLoS One, 4 (9), e6875-1-e6875-7.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-70149120327

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1490&context=ihmri

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/473

Start Page


  • e6875-1

End Page


  • e6875-7

Volume


  • 4

Issue


  • 9

Abstract


  • Background: Apoptosis has been speculated to be involved in schizophrenia. In a previously study, we reported the association of the MEGF10 gene with the disease. In this study, we followed the apoptotic engulfment pathway involving the MEGF10, GULP1, ABCA1 and ABCA7 genes and tested their association with the disease. Methodology/Principal Findings: Ten, eleven and five SNPs were genotyped in the GULP1, ABCA1 and ABCA7 genes respectively for the ISHDSF and ICCSS samples. In all 3 genes, we observed nominally significant associations. Rs2004888 at GULP1 was significant in both ISHDSF and ICCSS samples (p = 0.0083 and 0.0437 respectively). We sought replication in independent samples for this marker and found highly significant association (p = 0.0003) in 3 Caucasian replication samples. But it was not significant in the 2 Chinese replication samples. In addition, we found a significant 2-marker (rs2242436 * rs3858075) interaction between the ABCA1 and ABCA7 genes in the ISHDSF sample (p = 0.0022) and a 3-marker interaction (rs246896 * rs4522565 * rs3858075) amongst the MEGF10, GULP1 and ABCA1 genes in the ICCSS sample (p = 0.0120). Rs3858075 in the ABCA1 gene was involved in both 2- and 3-marker interactions in the two samples. Conclusions/Significance: From these data, we concluded that the GULP1 gene and the apoptotic engulfment pathway are involved in schizophrenia in subjects of European ancestry and multiple genes in the pathway may interactively increase the risks to the disease.

UOW Authors


  •   Chen, Xiangning (external author)
  •   Sun, Cuie (external author)
  •   Chen, Qi (external author)
  •   O'Neill, F. Anthony (external author)
  •   Walsh, Dermot (external author)
  •   Fanous, Ayman (external author)
  •   Chowdari, Kodabali V. (external author)
  •   Nimgaonkar, Vishwajit L. (external author)
  •   Scott, Adrian (external author)
  •   Schwab, Sibylle
  •   Wildenauer, Dieter B. (external author)
  •   Che, Ronglin (external author)
  •   Tang, Wei (external author)
  •   Shi, Yongyong (external author)
  •   He, Lin (external author)
  •   Luo, Xiong-jian (external author)
  •   Sun, Bing (external author)
  •   Edwards, Todd L. (external author)
  •   Zhao, Zhongming (external author)
  •   Kendler, Kenneth S. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2009

Citation


  • Chen, X., Sun, C., Chen, Q., O'Neill, F., Walsh, D., Fanous, A., Chowdari, K. V., Nimgaonkar, V. L., Scott, A., Schwab, S. G., Wildenauer, D. B., Che, R., Tang, W., Shi, Y., He, L., Luo, X., Sun, B., Edwards, T. L., Zhao, Z. & Kendler, K. S. (2009). Apoptotic engulfment pathway and schizophrenia. PLoS One, 4 (9), e6875-1-e6875-7.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-70149120327

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1490&context=ihmri

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/473

Start Page


  • e6875-1

End Page


  • e6875-7

Volume


  • 4

Issue


  • 9