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Limited knowledge about folic acid and iodine nutrition in pregnant women reflected in supplementation practices

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Aim

    In order to reduce the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) and iodine deficiency in pregnancy, the National Health and Medical Research Council recommends that pregnant women supplement their diet with folic acid and iodine. This study aimed to identify the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women regarding intake of these nutrients in order to assess whether women are adequately exposed to this health message.

    Methods

    One hundred and fifty-two conveniently sampled pregnant women residing in a regional area of New South Wales, Australia, completed a pretested questionnaire on knowledge and practices regarding nutritional supplement use during pregnancy and dietary sources of folic acid and iodine.

    Results

    Eighty-two per cent of women reported using supplements during their pregnancy, with the majority (67.7%) taking supplement brands containing both folic acid and iodine. Supplement use was significantly higher among women in the highest household income category (30.8 vs 69.2%; P = 0.001). Seventy-six per cent of the participants correctly identified NTDs to be associated with inadequate intake of folic acid, whereas only 40% correctly identified health problems associated with inadequate iodine intake. Women's knowledge of dietary sources of folic acid and iodine was limited.

    Conclusions

    A third of the pregnant women surveyed were not adhering to clinical recommendations for supplement use during pregnancy, and many had knowledge deficits with regard to the need for an adequate dietary intake of folic acid and iodine from both food and supplements during pregnancy.

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • El-Mani, S., Charlton, K. E., Flood, V. M. & Mullan, J. (2014). Limited knowledge about folic acid and iodine nutrition in pregnant women reflected in supplementation practices. Nutrition and Dietetics, 71 (4), 236-244.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84915773212

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3150&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/2132

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 236

End Page


  • 244

Volume


  • 71

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • Australia

Abstract


  • Aim

    In order to reduce the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) and iodine deficiency in pregnancy, the National Health and Medical Research Council recommends that pregnant women supplement their diet with folic acid and iodine. This study aimed to identify the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women regarding intake of these nutrients in order to assess whether women are adequately exposed to this health message.

    Methods

    One hundred and fifty-two conveniently sampled pregnant women residing in a regional area of New South Wales, Australia, completed a pretested questionnaire on knowledge and practices regarding nutritional supplement use during pregnancy and dietary sources of folic acid and iodine.

    Results

    Eighty-two per cent of women reported using supplements during their pregnancy, with the majority (67.7%) taking supplement brands containing both folic acid and iodine. Supplement use was significantly higher among women in the highest household income category (30.8 vs 69.2%; P = 0.001). Seventy-six per cent of the participants correctly identified NTDs to be associated with inadequate intake of folic acid, whereas only 40% correctly identified health problems associated with inadequate iodine intake. Women's knowledge of dietary sources of folic acid and iodine was limited.

    Conclusions

    A third of the pregnant women surveyed were not adhering to clinical recommendations for supplement use during pregnancy, and many had knowledge deficits with regard to the need for an adequate dietary intake of folic acid and iodine from both food and supplements during pregnancy.

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • El-Mani, S., Charlton, K. E., Flood, V. M. & Mullan, J. (2014). Limited knowledge about folic acid and iodine nutrition in pregnant women reflected in supplementation practices. Nutrition and Dietetics, 71 (4), 236-244.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84915773212

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3150&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/2132

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 236

End Page


  • 244

Volume


  • 71

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • Australia