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The global migration of care labour: Filipino workers in Japan

Chapter


Abstract


  • This chapter focuses on the implications of a new agreement between Japan

    and the Philippines as a way of exploring the contradictions and tensions

    surrounding the migration of Filipino care workers to Japan, where, as Yuki

    Tsuji (this volume) argues, a rapid expansion of the aging population accompanied

    by a dramatic shrinkage of the Japanese labour force has triggered

    heated debates over how to cope with the acute demand for elder

    "care:' The Japan-Philippines Economic Partnership Agreement (JPEPA) -

    the bilateral Economic Partnership Agreement [EPA] signed in September

    2006 and ratified in December 2008, which allows for the Philippines to

    send up to four hundred nurses and six hundred care workers to Japan over

    a period of two years (MOFA 2006) -was described in the Japanese media

    as "[a] new step toward opening Japan's labour market" (Asahi Shimbun

    2006). The government of Japan has also signed a similar EPA with Indonesia,

    which includes the same clause, permitting Indonesian nurses and

    care workers to work in Japan (MOFA 2007b). Given Japan's strict immigration

    regulations regarding the entry of so-called "unskilled" workers/

    such deregulation of the inflows of "foreign" labour to Japan is remarkable,

    especially in terms of care workers whose professional status has not yet

    been verified in the Japanese labour market (Son 2007; Takagi 2006).

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Onuki, H. (2011). The global migration of care labour: Filipino workers in Japan. In R. Mahon & F. Robinson (Eds.), Feminist Ethics and Social Policy: Towards a New Global Political Economy of Care (pp. 60-74). Vancouver: UBC Press.

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/1661

Book Title


  • Feminist Ethics and Social Policy: Towards a New Global Political Economy of Care

Start Page


  • 60

End Page


  • 74

Place Of Publication


  • Vancouver

Abstract


  • This chapter focuses on the implications of a new agreement between Japan

    and the Philippines as a way of exploring the contradictions and tensions

    surrounding the migration of Filipino care workers to Japan, where, as Yuki

    Tsuji (this volume) argues, a rapid expansion of the aging population accompanied

    by a dramatic shrinkage of the Japanese labour force has triggered

    heated debates over how to cope with the acute demand for elder

    "care:' The Japan-Philippines Economic Partnership Agreement (JPEPA) -

    the bilateral Economic Partnership Agreement [EPA] signed in September

    2006 and ratified in December 2008, which allows for the Philippines to

    send up to four hundred nurses and six hundred care workers to Japan over

    a period of two years (MOFA 2006) -was described in the Japanese media

    as "[a] new step toward opening Japan's labour market" (Asahi Shimbun

    2006). The government of Japan has also signed a similar EPA with Indonesia,

    which includes the same clause, permitting Indonesian nurses and

    care workers to work in Japan (MOFA 2007b). Given Japan's strict immigration

    regulations regarding the entry of so-called "unskilled" workers/

    such deregulation of the inflows of "foreign" labour to Japan is remarkable,

    especially in terms of care workers whose professional status has not yet

    been verified in the Japanese labour market (Son 2007; Takagi 2006).

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Onuki, H. (2011). The global migration of care labour: Filipino workers in Japan. In R. Mahon & F. Robinson (Eds.), Feminist Ethics and Social Policy: Towards a New Global Political Economy of Care (pp. 60-74). Vancouver: UBC Press.

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/1661

Book Title


  • Feminist Ethics and Social Policy: Towards a New Global Political Economy of Care

Start Page


  • 60

End Page


  • 74

Place Of Publication


  • Vancouver