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Morpho tectonic units of the Zagros Orogenic Belt, NE Iraq: a modern analogue for subduction accretion processes

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Abstract


  • The Zagros Mountain Belt extends over more than 1800 km through Iraq and southern Iran in front of the

    Zagros Mountain chain. It forms the boundary between the Iranian Plateau and the Mesopotamian and Gulf

    basins (Fig. 1). It can be subdivided geomorphologically into: the High Zagros Belt and the Zagros Simply

    Folded Belt separated by the High Zagros Fault (Berberian and King, 1981; Falcon, 1974; Stockline, 1968).

    From a tectonic point of view, however, five zones along the length of the Zagros Orogenic Belt can be

    distinguished (e.g. Stocklin, 1974, 1986; Falcon, 1974; Sten, 1985; Berberian, 1995): the Zagros Imbricate

    Zone, the Simply Folded Zone, the Zagros Foredeep, the Mesopotamian Foreland Basin and the Arabian

    foreland. However, the most common subdivision of the Zagros Orogenic Belt is the five structural zones

    parallel to NW-SE trend through the belt; from the NE to the SW they are: the Urumieh-Dokhtar Magmatic

    Arc, the Sanandaj-Sirjan Metamorphic Zone, the High Zagros Zone (Imbricate or Crush zone), the Zagros

    Simply Folded Belt and the Mesopotamian Foreland Basin (Fig. 2). The High Zagros Zone is referred to by

    Jassim et al. (2006) as the Penjween–Walash Sub-zone. Towards the SW the Main Zagros Thrust separates

    the Sanandaj-Sirjan and Imbricate Zones (Berberian, 1995; Agard et al., 2005) and constitutes the suture

    between Arabian and Iranian plates. The Imbricate Zone represents the innermost part of the Arabian

    deformed margin, featuring radiolarian chert-bearing accretionary terrane and the Upper and Lower

    Allochthonous Thrust Sheets over the NE Arabian margin.

    The aim of this paper is to describe the characteristic morphological features of the Penjween–Walash Subzone

    and to discuss the tectonic implications of this subzone.

Publication Date


  • 2010

Citation


  • Ali, S. A., Jones, B. G., Buckman, S., Ismail, S. A. & Aswad, K. J. (2010). Morpho tectonic units of the Zagros Orogenic Belt, NE Iraq: a modern analogue for subduction accretion processes. In S. Buckman (Eds.), New England Orogen 2010 (pp. 16-22). Armidale, Australia: University of New England.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3064&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/2046

Start Page


  • 16

End Page


  • 22

Place Of Publication


  • Armidale, Australia

Abstract


  • The Zagros Mountain Belt extends over more than 1800 km through Iraq and southern Iran in front of the

    Zagros Mountain chain. It forms the boundary between the Iranian Plateau and the Mesopotamian and Gulf

    basins (Fig. 1). It can be subdivided geomorphologically into: the High Zagros Belt and the Zagros Simply

    Folded Belt separated by the High Zagros Fault (Berberian and King, 1981; Falcon, 1974; Stockline, 1968).

    From a tectonic point of view, however, five zones along the length of the Zagros Orogenic Belt can be

    distinguished (e.g. Stocklin, 1974, 1986; Falcon, 1974; Sten, 1985; Berberian, 1995): the Zagros Imbricate

    Zone, the Simply Folded Zone, the Zagros Foredeep, the Mesopotamian Foreland Basin and the Arabian

    foreland. However, the most common subdivision of the Zagros Orogenic Belt is the five structural zones

    parallel to NW-SE trend through the belt; from the NE to the SW they are: the Urumieh-Dokhtar Magmatic

    Arc, the Sanandaj-Sirjan Metamorphic Zone, the High Zagros Zone (Imbricate or Crush zone), the Zagros

    Simply Folded Belt and the Mesopotamian Foreland Basin (Fig. 2). The High Zagros Zone is referred to by

    Jassim et al. (2006) as the Penjween–Walash Sub-zone. Towards the SW the Main Zagros Thrust separates

    the Sanandaj-Sirjan and Imbricate Zones (Berberian, 1995; Agard et al., 2005) and constitutes the suture

    between Arabian and Iranian plates. The Imbricate Zone represents the innermost part of the Arabian

    deformed margin, featuring radiolarian chert-bearing accretionary terrane and the Upper and Lower

    Allochthonous Thrust Sheets over the NE Arabian margin.

    The aim of this paper is to describe the characteristic morphological features of the Penjween–Walash Subzone

    and to discuss the tectonic implications of this subzone.

Publication Date


  • 2010

Citation


  • Ali, S. A., Jones, B. G., Buckman, S., Ismail, S. A. & Aswad, K. J. (2010). Morpho tectonic units of the Zagros Orogenic Belt, NE Iraq: a modern analogue for subduction accretion processes. In S. Buckman (Eds.), New England Orogen 2010 (pp. 16-22). Armidale, Australia: University of New England.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3064&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/2046

Start Page


  • 16

End Page


  • 22

Place Of Publication


  • Armidale, Australia