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Dyslipidemia awareness, treatment, control and influence factors among adults in the Jilin province in China: a cross-sectional study

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Background

    In China, even though the prevalence of dyslipidemia among adults increased yearly and dyslipidemia being an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases among the Chinese population, however, the awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia are at low levels, and only limited studies on the influence factors associated with the awareness, treatment and control dyslipidemia in China have been carried out.

    Methods

    The analysis was based on a representative sample of 7138 adult subjects aged 18 ~ 79 years recruited from a cross-sectional study of chronic disease and risk factors among adults in the Jilin province in 2012. Chi-square test was used to compare the rates of dyslipidemia awareness, treatment and control between different characteristics of participants. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed separately for each group to explore the associations between participants’ characteristics and dyslipidemia awareness, treatment and control.

    Results

    Among participants with dyslipidemia, 11.6% were aware of the diagnosis, 8.4% were receiving treatment, and 34.8% had dyslipidemia controlled. Increase in age and BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 were by far the strongest risk factors associated with better awareness and treatment of dyslipidemia. Retirees were more likely to be aware of their dyslipidemia condition (OR = 1.255; 95% CI: 1.046, 1.506) and to be receiving treatment (OR = 1.367; 95% CI: 1.114, 1.676) than manual workers. A family history of dyslipidemia increased the likelihood of awareness (OR = 3.620; 95% CI: 2.816, 4.653) and treatment (OR = 3.298; 95% CI: 2.488, 4.371) of dyslipidemia. Alcohol drinking and physical activity were associated with a lower level of awareness and treatment.

    Cigarette smokers (OR = 0.501; 95% CI: 0.349, 0.719) and those with BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 (OR = 0.480; 95% CI: 0.326, 0.706) who received treatment were also associated with poor dyslipidemia control.

    Conclusion

    Our study highlights low levels of awareness, poor treatment and control of dyslipidemia among adults aged 18 ~ 79 in the Jilin province. Promotion of healthy lifestyles and establishment of a comprehensive strategy of screening, treatment and control of dyslipidemia is needed to reduce or prevent the risk of cardiovascular disease in the Jilin province.

Authors


  •   He, Huan (external author)
  •   Yu, Yaqin (external author)
  •   Li, Yong (external author)
  •   Kou, Chang Gui (external author)
  •   Li, Bo (external author)
  •   Tao, Yuchun (external author)
  •   Zhen, Qing (external author)
  •   Wang, Chang (external author)
  •   Kanu, Joseph Sam (external author)
  •   Huang, Xu-Feng
  •   Han, Mei
  •   Liu, Yawen (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • He, H., Yu, Y., Li, Y., Kou, C., Li, B., Tao, Y., Zhen, Q., Wang, C., Kanu, J., Huang, X., Han, M. & Liu, Y. (2014). Dyslipidemia awareness, treatment, control and influence factors among adults in the Jilin province in China: a cross-sectional study. Lipids in Health and Disease, 13 (August), 122-1-122-9.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84906546585

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1456&context=ihmri

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/439

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • 122-1

End Page


  • 122-9

Volume


  • 13

Issue


  • August

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Background

    In China, even though the prevalence of dyslipidemia among adults increased yearly and dyslipidemia being an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases among the Chinese population, however, the awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia are at low levels, and only limited studies on the influence factors associated with the awareness, treatment and control dyslipidemia in China have been carried out.

    Methods

    The analysis was based on a representative sample of 7138 adult subjects aged 18 ~ 79 years recruited from a cross-sectional study of chronic disease and risk factors among adults in the Jilin province in 2012. Chi-square test was used to compare the rates of dyslipidemia awareness, treatment and control between different characteristics of participants. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed separately for each group to explore the associations between participants’ characteristics and dyslipidemia awareness, treatment and control.

    Results

    Among participants with dyslipidemia, 11.6% were aware of the diagnosis, 8.4% were receiving treatment, and 34.8% had dyslipidemia controlled. Increase in age and BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 were by far the strongest risk factors associated with better awareness and treatment of dyslipidemia. Retirees were more likely to be aware of their dyslipidemia condition (OR = 1.255; 95% CI: 1.046, 1.506) and to be receiving treatment (OR = 1.367; 95% CI: 1.114, 1.676) than manual workers. A family history of dyslipidemia increased the likelihood of awareness (OR = 3.620; 95% CI: 2.816, 4.653) and treatment (OR = 3.298; 95% CI: 2.488, 4.371) of dyslipidemia. Alcohol drinking and physical activity were associated with a lower level of awareness and treatment.

    Cigarette smokers (OR = 0.501; 95% CI: 0.349, 0.719) and those with BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 (OR = 0.480; 95% CI: 0.326, 0.706) who received treatment were also associated with poor dyslipidemia control.

    Conclusion

    Our study highlights low levels of awareness, poor treatment and control of dyslipidemia among adults aged 18 ~ 79 in the Jilin province. Promotion of healthy lifestyles and establishment of a comprehensive strategy of screening, treatment and control of dyslipidemia is needed to reduce or prevent the risk of cardiovascular disease in the Jilin province.

Authors


  •   He, Huan (external author)
  •   Yu, Yaqin (external author)
  •   Li, Yong (external author)
  •   Kou, Chang Gui (external author)
  •   Li, Bo (external author)
  •   Tao, Yuchun (external author)
  •   Zhen, Qing (external author)
  •   Wang, Chang (external author)
  •   Kanu, Joseph Sam (external author)
  •   Huang, Xu-Feng
  •   Han, Mei
  •   Liu, Yawen (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • He, H., Yu, Y., Li, Y., Kou, C., Li, B., Tao, Y., Zhen, Q., Wang, C., Kanu, J., Huang, X., Han, M. & Liu, Y. (2014). Dyslipidemia awareness, treatment, control and influence factors among adults in the Jilin province in China: a cross-sectional study. Lipids in Health and Disease, 13 (August), 122-1-122-9.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84906546585

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1456&context=ihmri

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/439

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • 122-1

End Page


  • 122-9

Volume


  • 13

Issue


  • August

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom