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Mangrove shorelines

Chapter


Abstract


  • Mangroves are trees or shrubs that occur in the upper

    intertidal zone on many low-energy tropical shorelines.

    Globally they cover 137,760

    km

    2

    (Giri et al., 2011). Salt

    marshes and other coastal wetlands may occur landwards

    of mangrove vegetation, and seagrass may be extensive

    seawards. Mangroves are not a single taxonomic group,

    but comprise a diverse range of plants with adaptations

    enabling survival in this otherwise inhospitable saline and

    anaerobic environment. Mangrove forests are highly pro

    -

    ductive ecosystems that support both terrestrial and

    marine biodiversity. They are important habitats for fish

    and crustaceans on which humans are dependent. They

    also provide many other ecosystem services; both direct,

    in terms of timber and fuel; and indirect, by supporting

    biodiversity, providing physical protection of coasts,

    retaining sediments, and regulating nutrient and carbon

    exchange between terrestrial and marine environments.

    Mangrove forests are best developed where extensive

    near-horizontal topography occurs close to sea level. They cover substantial areas where there is a large tidal range;

    however, there are instances where isolated stands of

    mangroves persist inland where they are not influenced by

    tides. Wave energy has to be sufficiently low to allow

    establishment and growth of plants, but mature forests

    also act to attenuate wave energy.

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Woodroffe, C., Lovelock, C. E. & Rogers, K. (2014). Mangrove shorelines. In G. Masselink & R. Gehrels (Eds.), Coastal Environments and Global Change (pp. 251-267). United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. http://au.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0470656603.html

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/2674

Book Title


  • Coastal Environments and Global Change

Start Page


  • 251

End Page


  • 267

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Mangroves are trees or shrubs that occur in the upper

    intertidal zone on many low-energy tropical shorelines.

    Globally they cover 137,760

    km

    2

    (Giri et al., 2011). Salt

    marshes and other coastal wetlands may occur landwards

    of mangrove vegetation, and seagrass may be extensive

    seawards. Mangroves are not a single taxonomic group,

    but comprise a diverse range of plants with adaptations

    enabling survival in this otherwise inhospitable saline and

    anaerobic environment. Mangrove forests are highly pro

    -

    ductive ecosystems that support both terrestrial and

    marine biodiversity. They are important habitats for fish

    and crustaceans on which humans are dependent. They

    also provide many other ecosystem services; both direct,

    in terms of timber and fuel; and indirect, by supporting

    biodiversity, providing physical protection of coasts,

    retaining sediments, and regulating nutrient and carbon

    exchange between terrestrial and marine environments.

    Mangrove forests are best developed where extensive

    near-horizontal topography occurs close to sea level. They cover substantial areas where there is a large tidal range;

    however, there are instances where isolated stands of

    mangroves persist inland where they are not influenced by

    tides. Wave energy has to be sufficiently low to allow

    establishment and growth of plants, but mature forests

    also act to attenuate wave energy.

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Woodroffe, C., Lovelock, C. E. & Rogers, K. (2014). Mangrove shorelines. In G. Masselink & R. Gehrels (Eds.), Coastal Environments and Global Change (pp. 251-267). United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. http://au.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0470656603.html

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/2674

Book Title


  • Coastal Environments and Global Change

Start Page


  • 251

End Page


  • 267

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom