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Awareness, treatment, control of diabetes mellitus and the risk factors: survey results from Northeast China

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Background

    The awareness, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus (DM) can effectively reflect on the social status of diabetes conditions. Although several researchers have investigated the awareness, treatment and control rates of diabetes mellitus in China, little is known about their association with risk factors. This study aims to examine the relationship between risk factors and awareness, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus in northeast China.

    Methods

    A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2012. Multistage stratified random cluster sampling design was used to select participants aged 18 to 79 years old. The analysis was based on a representative sample of 1,854 adult subjects. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to examine socio-demographic factors associated with the levels of awareness, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus.

    Results

    The awareness, treatment, and control rates of diabetes mellitus were 64.1%, 52.9% and 44.2%, respectively. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, family history of diabetes was significantly positively associated with awareness (OR, 2.145; 95% CI, 1.600–2.875) and treatment (OR, 2.021; 95% CI, 1.559–2.619) of diabetes mellitus, while negatively associated with control (OR, 0.671; 95% CI, 0.529–0.951). Cigarette smokers and alcohol drinkers were less likely than non-smokers and non-drinkers to be aware of their blood glucose levels (OR, 0.895, 0.614; 95% CI, 0.659–1.216, 0.446–0.844, respectively). Participants who frequently exercise were more likely to be aware of their diabetic conditions than people who never or rarely exercise (OR, 2.003; 95% CI, 1.513–2.651).

    Conclusions

    We found that the awareness and treatment of diabetes mellitus were positively associated with age and were high in participants with a family history of diabetes and those who exercise frequently, but low for cigarette smokers and alcohol drinkers. Participants with a family history of diabetes had their diabetic condition poorly controlled.

Authors


  •   Wang, Chang (external author)
  •   Yu, Yaqin (external author)
  •   Zhang, Xiang Yang (external author)
  •   Li, Yong (external author)
  •   Kou, Chang Gui (external author)
  •   Li, Bo (external author)
  •   Tao, Yuchun (external author)
  •   Zhen, Qing (external author)
  •   He, Huan (external author)
  •   Kanu, Joseph Sam (external author)
  •   Huang, Xu-Feng
  •   Han, Mei
  •   Liu, Yawen (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Wang, C., Yu, Y., Zhang, X., Li, Y., Kou, C., Li, B., Tao, Y., Zhen, Q., He, H., Kanu, J. Sam., Huang, X., Han, M. & Liu, Y. (2014). Awareness, treatment, control of diabetes mellitus and the risk factors: survey results from Northeast China. PLoS One, 9 (7), e103594-1-e103594-7.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84904876070

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1464&context=ihmri

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/447

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • e103594-1

End Page


  • e103594-7

Volume


  • 9

Issue


  • 7

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Background

    The awareness, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus (DM) can effectively reflect on the social status of diabetes conditions. Although several researchers have investigated the awareness, treatment and control rates of diabetes mellitus in China, little is known about their association with risk factors. This study aims to examine the relationship between risk factors and awareness, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus in northeast China.

    Methods

    A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2012. Multistage stratified random cluster sampling design was used to select participants aged 18 to 79 years old. The analysis was based on a representative sample of 1,854 adult subjects. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to examine socio-demographic factors associated with the levels of awareness, treatment and control of diabetes mellitus.

    Results

    The awareness, treatment, and control rates of diabetes mellitus were 64.1%, 52.9% and 44.2%, respectively. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, family history of diabetes was significantly positively associated with awareness (OR, 2.145; 95% CI, 1.600–2.875) and treatment (OR, 2.021; 95% CI, 1.559–2.619) of diabetes mellitus, while negatively associated with control (OR, 0.671; 95% CI, 0.529–0.951). Cigarette smokers and alcohol drinkers were less likely than non-smokers and non-drinkers to be aware of their blood glucose levels (OR, 0.895, 0.614; 95% CI, 0.659–1.216, 0.446–0.844, respectively). Participants who frequently exercise were more likely to be aware of their diabetic conditions than people who never or rarely exercise (OR, 2.003; 95% CI, 1.513–2.651).

    Conclusions

    We found that the awareness and treatment of diabetes mellitus were positively associated with age and were high in participants with a family history of diabetes and those who exercise frequently, but low for cigarette smokers and alcohol drinkers. Participants with a family history of diabetes had their diabetic condition poorly controlled.

Authors


  •   Wang, Chang (external author)
  •   Yu, Yaqin (external author)
  •   Zhang, Xiang Yang (external author)
  •   Li, Yong (external author)
  •   Kou, Chang Gui (external author)
  •   Li, Bo (external author)
  •   Tao, Yuchun (external author)
  •   Zhen, Qing (external author)
  •   He, Huan (external author)
  •   Kanu, Joseph Sam (external author)
  •   Huang, Xu-Feng
  •   Han, Mei
  •   Liu, Yawen (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Wang, C., Yu, Y., Zhang, X., Li, Y., Kou, C., Li, B., Tao, Y., Zhen, Q., He, H., Kanu, J. Sam., Huang, X., Han, M. & Liu, Y. (2014). Awareness, treatment, control of diabetes mellitus and the risk factors: survey results from Northeast China. PLoS One, 9 (7), e103594-1-e103594-7.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84904876070

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1464&context=ihmri

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/447

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • e103594-1

End Page


  • e103594-7

Volume


  • 9

Issue


  • 7

Place Of Publication


  • United States