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Does resilience predict recidivism in young offenders?

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Resilience has been proposed as a protective factor against recidivism and is included for consideration in at least one widely used violence risk assessment instrument. However, resilience is a complex construct rarely subjected to empirical research with offenders. This study sought to redress this by examining the relationship between resilience and recidivism using a psychometrically sound measure of resilience in a sample of young adult offenders. Results showed no statistical association between resilience and criminal charges during a 7–12 month follow-up. The Level of Service/Case Management inventory (LS/CMI) Total Score, intelligence (IQ) and history of assault were significantly associated with recidivism. LS/CMI Total Score and IQ were retained as significant predictors in the logistic regression model, which showed good predictive accuracy (AUC = 0.76, 95% CI 0.64–0.87). These results suggest that clarification of the construct of resilience may be required, or that resilience may not be associated with recidivism.

UOW Authors


  •   Daffern, Michael D. (external author)
  •   Fougere, Amber (external author)
  •   Thomas, Stuart DM. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Fougere, A., Daffern, M. & Thomas, S. (2015). Does resilience predict recidivism in young offenders?. Psychiatry Psychology and Law, 22 (2), 198-212.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84937637501

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/1707

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 14

Start Page


  • 198

End Page


  • 212

Volume


  • 22

Issue


  • 2

Abstract


  • Resilience has been proposed as a protective factor against recidivism and is included for consideration in at least one widely used violence risk assessment instrument. However, resilience is a complex construct rarely subjected to empirical research with offenders. This study sought to redress this by examining the relationship between resilience and recidivism using a psychometrically sound measure of resilience in a sample of young adult offenders. Results showed no statistical association between resilience and criminal charges during a 7–12 month follow-up. The Level of Service/Case Management inventory (LS/CMI) Total Score, intelligence (IQ) and history of assault were significantly associated with recidivism. LS/CMI Total Score and IQ were retained as significant predictors in the logistic regression model, which showed good predictive accuracy (AUC = 0.76, 95% CI 0.64–0.87). These results suggest that clarification of the construct of resilience may be required, or that resilience may not be associated with recidivism.

UOW Authors


  •   Daffern, Michael D. (external author)
  •   Fougere, Amber (external author)
  •   Thomas, Stuart DM. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2015

Citation


  • Fougere, A., Daffern, M. & Thomas, S. (2015). Does resilience predict recidivism in young offenders?. Psychiatry Psychology and Law, 22 (2), 198-212.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84937637501

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/1707

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 14

Start Page


  • 198

End Page


  • 212

Volume


  • 22

Issue


  • 2