Strong and coherent regional governance is critical for tackling the increasing number and variety of threats to fisheries and
biodiversity within and beyond national jurisdiction including overfishing, destructive fishing practices, marine pollution and climate
change impacts. This chapter examines the existing legal and institutional framework for fisheries and biodiversity governance at the
regional level including key regional organizations such as regional fisheries management organizations, regional seas organizations
and non-binding regional initiatives. As well as highlighting the fragmentary nature of regional oceans governance, this analysis
the wide variety of approaches to and differing rates of progress in harmonizing fisheries and biodiversity conservation
across major oceanic regions.