In recent years, piracy around the Horn of Africa has become an increasing concern.
Yet despite the currency of the problem, piracy is a crime that has been a challenge for
humanity throughout recorded history. It is sometimes referred to as an 'international
crime' and has, for centuries, attracted universal jurisdiction to combat it on the high
seas.1 This paper considers the nature and substance of the legal framework for piracy at
international law, tracing it from its origins to the contemporary challenges faced today.