Protecting the confidentiality of a patient’s information in a shared care environment could become a
complex task. Correct identification of users, assigning of access permissions, and resolution of conflict
rise as main points of interest in providing solutions for data exchange among health care providers.
Traditional approaches such as Mandatory Access Control, Discretionary Access control and Role-Based
Access Control policies do not always provide a suitable solution for health care settings, especially
for shared care environments. The core of this contribution consists in the description of an approach
which uses attribute-based encryption to protect the confidentiality of patients’ information during the
exchange of electronic health records among healthcare providers. Attribute-based encryption allows
the reinforcing of access policies and reduces the risk of unauthorized access to sensitive information; it
also provides a set of functionalities which are described using a case study. Attribute-based encryption
provides an answer to restrictions presented by traditional approaches and facilitate the reinforcing of
existing security policies over the transmitted data.