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Spatial and temporal variation in stone raw material provisioning in the Chivay obsidian source area

Chapter


Abstract


  • Research into the prehistoric procurement of widely circulated

    raw materials provides an opportunity to investigate

    changes in the mechanisms of exchange through time and the

    impact of regional demand on local provisioning systems. Raw

    material sources are often exploited to meet both local and

    regional needs, but parsing the effects of local from regional

    demand at a lithic source can be complex. By focusing on the

    relationship between the artifacts found at raw material source

    workshops and at local sites, archaeologists can gain information

    about exploitation of the lithic source, as well as local

    and regional provisioning in prehistory. This chapter focuses

    on lithic artifacts found in the vicinity of the Chivay obsidian

    source that lies above the Colca Valley of Arequipa and the

    documented regional consumption of obsidian from this source

    in prehispanic times. Comparisons of local obsidian consumption

    with production at the source indicate that quarrying in

    the principal obsidian source area was not carried out by local

    residents for local consumption. This suggests the operation

    of two distinct procurement and distribution systems: (1) embedded

    procurement for a down-the-line exchange mode of

    distribution, disseminating relatively small nodules of Chivay

    obsidian into local and regional consumption zones, and (2)

    direct procurement by caravans of large nodules at the source,

    specifically for regional consumption.

UOW Authors


Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Tripcevich, N. & Mackay, A. (2012). Spatial and temporal variation in stone raw material provisioning in the Chivay obsidian source area. In A. Vranich, E. A. Klarich & C. Stanish (Eds.), Advances in Titicaca Basin Archaeology - III (pp. 141-161). United States: Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan. http://www.lsa.umich.edu/ummaa/publications/browsebyseries/memoirs/51advancesintiticacabasinarchaeologyiii_ci

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/1769

Book Title


  • Advances in Titicaca Basin Archaeology - III

Start Page


  • 141

End Page


  • 161

Place Of Publication


  • http://www.lsa.umich.edu/ummaa/publications/browsebyseries/memoirs/51advancesintiticacabasinarchaeologyiii_ci

Abstract


  • Research into the prehistoric procurement of widely circulated

    raw materials provides an opportunity to investigate

    changes in the mechanisms of exchange through time and the

    impact of regional demand on local provisioning systems. Raw

    material sources are often exploited to meet both local and

    regional needs, but parsing the effects of local from regional

    demand at a lithic source can be complex. By focusing on the

    relationship between the artifacts found at raw material source

    workshops and at local sites, archaeologists can gain information

    about exploitation of the lithic source, as well as local

    and regional provisioning in prehistory. This chapter focuses

    on lithic artifacts found in the vicinity of the Chivay obsidian

    source that lies above the Colca Valley of Arequipa and the

    documented regional consumption of obsidian from this source

    in prehispanic times. Comparisons of local obsidian consumption

    with production at the source indicate that quarrying in

    the principal obsidian source area was not carried out by local

    residents for local consumption. This suggests the operation

    of two distinct procurement and distribution systems: (1) embedded

    procurement for a down-the-line exchange mode of

    distribution, disseminating relatively small nodules of Chivay

    obsidian into local and regional consumption zones, and (2)

    direct procurement by caravans of large nodules at the source,

    specifically for regional consumption.

UOW Authors


Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Tripcevich, N. & Mackay, A. (2012). Spatial and temporal variation in stone raw material provisioning in the Chivay obsidian source area. In A. Vranich, E. A. Klarich & C. Stanish (Eds.), Advances in Titicaca Basin Archaeology - III (pp. 141-161). United States: Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan. http://www.lsa.umich.edu/ummaa/publications/browsebyseries/memoirs/51advancesintiticacabasinarchaeologyiii_ci

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/1769

Book Title


  • Advances in Titicaca Basin Archaeology - III

Start Page


  • 141

End Page


  • 161

Place Of Publication


  • http://www.lsa.umich.edu/ummaa/publications/browsebyseries/memoirs/51advancesintiticacabasinarchaeologyiii_ci