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Two Holocene rock shelter deposits from the Knersvlakte, southern Namaqualand, South Africa

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • This paper describes the first excavations into two Holocene Later Stone Age (LSA) deposits in southern

    Namaqualand. The limestone shelters afforded excellent preservation, and the LSA sites contained

    material similar in many respects to shelters in the Cederberg range to the south. Deposition at both sites

    was discontinuous with a mid-Holocene pulse in Buzz Shelter followed by contact-period deposits over

    a total depth of some 0.45 m. In Reception Shelter the 1.40 m deposit yielded a basal age in the fifth

    to eighth centuries BC with pottery and domestic cow contained within a strong pulse of occupation

    just above this. The deposit then reflects another significant pulse in the terminal Holocene. A basal age

    of c. 24 000 BC suggests Pleistocene occupation of the area. Significant observations at both sites are

    that ostrich eggshell beads remain relatively small throughout, although those at Reception Shelter are

    somewhat larger, and that the typical prehistoric signature continued right through the contact period.

    Artefacts ascribed to a late Holocene industry so far only recognised on coastal sites were also found.

    KEY WORDS: Holocene, Namaqualand, Later Stone Age, bedding and ash, contact period, stone

    artefacts, beads, organic artefacts.

UOW Authors


  •   Orton, Jayson (external author)
  •   Klein, Richard G. (external author)
  •   Mackay, Alex C.
  •   Schwortz, Steve E. (external author)
  •   Steele, Teresa E. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Orton, J., Klein, R. G., Mackay, A., Schwortz, S. & Steele, T. E. (2011). Two Holocene rock shelter deposits from the Knersvlakte, southern Namaqualand, South Africa. Southern African Humanities, 23 109-150.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84858185655

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2780&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/1762

Number Of Pages


  • 41

Start Page


  • 109

End Page


  • 150

Volume


  • 23

Place Of Publication


  • South Africa

Abstract


  • This paper describes the first excavations into two Holocene Later Stone Age (LSA) deposits in southern

    Namaqualand. The limestone shelters afforded excellent preservation, and the LSA sites contained

    material similar in many respects to shelters in the Cederberg range to the south. Deposition at both sites

    was discontinuous with a mid-Holocene pulse in Buzz Shelter followed by contact-period deposits over

    a total depth of some 0.45 m. In Reception Shelter the 1.40 m deposit yielded a basal age in the fifth

    to eighth centuries BC with pottery and domestic cow contained within a strong pulse of occupation

    just above this. The deposit then reflects another significant pulse in the terminal Holocene. A basal age

    of c. 24 000 BC suggests Pleistocene occupation of the area. Significant observations at both sites are

    that ostrich eggshell beads remain relatively small throughout, although those at Reception Shelter are

    somewhat larger, and that the typical prehistoric signature continued right through the contact period.

    Artefacts ascribed to a late Holocene industry so far only recognised on coastal sites were also found.

    KEY WORDS: Holocene, Namaqualand, Later Stone Age, bedding and ash, contact period, stone

    artefacts, beads, organic artefacts.

UOW Authors


  •   Orton, Jayson (external author)
  •   Klein, Richard G. (external author)
  •   Mackay, Alex C.
  •   Schwortz, Steve E. (external author)
  •   Steele, Teresa E. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Orton, J., Klein, R. G., Mackay, A., Schwortz, S. & Steele, T. E. (2011). Two Holocene rock shelter deposits from the Knersvlakte, southern Namaqualand, South Africa. Southern African Humanities, 23 109-150.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84858185655

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2780&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/1762

Number Of Pages


  • 41

Start Page


  • 109

End Page


  • 150

Volume


  • 23

Place Of Publication


  • South Africa