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Procurement at the Chivay Obsidian source, Arequipa, Peru

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Results of survey and test excavations at the Chivay obsidian source in highland Peru found evidence

    of use of the source area throughout much of the prehispanic past. An examination of a quarry pit

    and workshop suggest that quarrying and workshop production intensified at the end of the

    Preceramic period in the region. The high elevation Chivay source (71.53558 S, 15.64238 E) lies at

    4950 masl and was the geological origin for prehispanic obsidian artifacts from throughout much of

    southern Peru and Bolivia. Radiocarbon dates on charcoal recovered from the lower levels of a test

    unit placed in a mound of obsidian debris at the workshop, together with an obsidian hydration

    sequence from test units at both the workshop and the quarry pit, point to an amplification of

    quarrying and workshop production during the Terminal Archaic, or the third and second

    millennium BC. Regional exchange networks and trade in exotic goods are extensive during later

    periods in Andean prehistory but these data suggest that obsidian as an early target of procurement

    over distance was prepared in a dense production deposit that reflects changes over time.

UOW Authors


Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Tripcevich, N. & Mackay, A. (2011). Procurement at the Chivay Obsidian source, Arequipa, Peru. World Archaeology, 43 (2), 271-297.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-79960745880

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/1761

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 26

Start Page


  • 271

End Page


  • 297

Volume


  • 43

Issue


  • 2

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Results of survey and test excavations at the Chivay obsidian source in highland Peru found evidence

    of use of the source area throughout much of the prehispanic past. An examination of a quarry pit

    and workshop suggest that quarrying and workshop production intensified at the end of the

    Preceramic period in the region. The high elevation Chivay source (71.53558 S, 15.64238 E) lies at

    4950 masl and was the geological origin for prehispanic obsidian artifacts from throughout much of

    southern Peru and Bolivia. Radiocarbon dates on charcoal recovered from the lower levels of a test

    unit placed in a mound of obsidian debris at the workshop, together with an obsidian hydration

    sequence from test units at both the workshop and the quarry pit, point to an amplification of

    quarrying and workshop production during the Terminal Archaic, or the third and second

    millennium BC. Regional exchange networks and trade in exotic goods are extensive during later

    periods in Andean prehistory but these data suggest that obsidian as an early target of procurement

    over distance was prepared in a dense production deposit that reflects changes over time.

UOW Authors


Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Tripcevich, N. & Mackay, A. (2011). Procurement at the Chivay Obsidian source, Arequipa, Peru. World Archaeology, 43 (2), 271-297.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-79960745880

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/1761

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 26

Start Page


  • 271

End Page


  • 297

Volume


  • 43

Issue


  • 2

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom