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In search of ontological emergence: diachronic, but non-supervenient

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Most philosophical accounts of emergence are based on supervenience, with supervenience being an ontologically synchronic relation of determination. This conception of emergence as a relation of supervenience, I will argue, is unable to make sense of the kinds of emergence that are widespread in self-organizing and nonlinear dynamical systems, including distributed cognitive systems. In these dynamical systems, an emergent property is ontological (i.e., the causal capacities of P, where P is an emergent feature, are not reducible to causal capacities of the parts, and may exert a top-down causal influence on the parts of the system) and diachronic (i.e., the relata of emergence are temporally extended, and P emerges as a result of some dynamical lower-level processes that unfold in real time).

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Kirchhoff, M. (2014). In search of ontological emergence: diachronic, but non-supervenient. Axiomathes, 24 (1), 89-116.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84893579726

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2248&context=lhapapers&unstamped=1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/1243

Number Of Pages


  • 27

Start Page


  • 89

End Page


  • 116

Volume


  • 24

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


  • Netherlands

Abstract


  • Most philosophical accounts of emergence are based on supervenience, with supervenience being an ontologically synchronic relation of determination. This conception of emergence as a relation of supervenience, I will argue, is unable to make sense of the kinds of emergence that are widespread in self-organizing and nonlinear dynamical systems, including distributed cognitive systems. In these dynamical systems, an emergent property is ontological (i.e., the causal capacities of P, where P is an emergent feature, are not reducible to causal capacities of the parts, and may exert a top-down causal influence on the parts of the system) and diachronic (i.e., the relata of emergence are temporally extended, and P emerges as a result of some dynamical lower-level processes that unfold in real time).

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Kirchhoff, M. (2014). In search of ontological emergence: diachronic, but non-supervenient. Axiomathes, 24 (1), 89-116.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84893579726

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2248&context=lhapapers&unstamped=1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/1243

Number Of Pages


  • 27

Start Page


  • 89

End Page


  • 116

Volume


  • 24

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


  • Netherlands