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Diet fatty acid profile, membrane composition and lifespan: an experimental study using the blowfly (Calliphora stygia)

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • The membrane pacemaker theory of ageing proposes that the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) composition of membrane lipids of a species is an important determinant of its maximum lifespan. We report three experiments using the blowfly Calliphora stygia, where this theory was tested by manipulation of dietary fat profile. Although the fat profile of the larval diet resulted in small alterations of individual membrane fatty acids, it had no effect on the peroxidation index (PI) of membrane lipids and furthermore had no effect on maximum lifespan. Similarly, manipulation of the fat profile of the adult diet resulted in small changes in individual fatty acids, but had no effect on the PI of membrane lipids. There was a small increase in maximum lifespan when adult diet was supplemented with PUFA in form of vegetable oils but no effect when diet was supplemented with pure PUFA. This difference is possibly due to antioxidant content of vegetable oils. The relative refractoriness of membrane PI to dramatic changes in response to diet is similar to the situation in the rat. These results also indicate the blowfly is unable to convert 18-carbon PUFA to more highly polyunsaturated 20- and 22-carbon PUFA.

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Kelly, M. A., Usher, M. J., Ujvari, B., Madsen, T., Wallman, J. F., Buttemer, W. A. & Hulbert, A. J. (2014). Diet fatty acid profile, membrane composition and lifespan: an experimental study using the blowfly (Calliphora stygia). Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 138 15-25.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84896663942

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2615&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/1597

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 15

End Page


  • 25

Volume


  • 138

Place Of Publication


  • Ireland

Abstract


  • The membrane pacemaker theory of ageing proposes that the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) composition of membrane lipids of a species is an important determinant of its maximum lifespan. We report three experiments using the blowfly Calliphora stygia, where this theory was tested by manipulation of dietary fat profile. Although the fat profile of the larval diet resulted in small alterations of individual membrane fatty acids, it had no effect on the peroxidation index (PI) of membrane lipids and furthermore had no effect on maximum lifespan. Similarly, manipulation of the fat profile of the adult diet resulted in small changes in individual fatty acids, but had no effect on the PI of membrane lipids. There was a small increase in maximum lifespan when adult diet was supplemented with PUFA in form of vegetable oils but no effect when diet was supplemented with pure PUFA. This difference is possibly due to antioxidant content of vegetable oils. The relative refractoriness of membrane PI to dramatic changes in response to diet is similar to the situation in the rat. These results also indicate the blowfly is unable to convert 18-carbon PUFA to more highly polyunsaturated 20- and 22-carbon PUFA.

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Kelly, M. A., Usher, M. J., Ujvari, B., Madsen, T., Wallman, J. F., Buttemer, W. A. & Hulbert, A. J. (2014). Diet fatty acid profile, membrane composition and lifespan: an experimental study using the blowfly (Calliphora stygia). Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 138 15-25.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84896663942

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2615&context=smhpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/1597

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 15

End Page


  • 25

Volume


  • 138

Place Of Publication


  • Ireland