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Enforcement cooperation in combatting illegal and unauthorized fishing: an assessment of contemporary practice

Conference Paper


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Abstract


  • The emergence of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) in the 1970s

    placed potentially vast areas under national jurisdiction. From relatively

    modest territorial seas close to the coast as the only basis of fisheries

    jurisdiction for States, suddenly the international community embraced a new

    form of jurisdiction over resources that extended to fisheries up to 200 nautical

    miles from land. This extension brought over one third of the world’s oceans

    under national jurisdiction, or more importantly, approximately ninety percent

    of the world’s wild fish catch.

    While the possibility of bringing the resources of these areas under

    national control was of tremendous value to many developing States, the

    difficulties of enforcement over such areas were not so readily considered.

    Some States, notably the States of the South Pacific, but by no means

    restricted to them, simply lacked the capacity to police their waters and protect

    their resources from the depredation of others. A vast area subject to national

    jurisdiction would potentially require substantial assets at sea and in the air in

    order to effectively patrol, police, and enforce the new jurisdiction vested in

    States. For oil and gas exploitation, deployment of few if any coast guard or

    naval assets in the EEZ was not a huge difficulty, as exploitation of the seabed

    is a slow and expensive business. For fisheries, which can be far more

    cheaply exploited, and in a more transitory fashion, a lack of enforcement

    capacity represented a potentially serious impediment.

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Kaye, S. (2013). Enforcement cooperation in combatting illegal and unauthorized fishing: an assessment of contemporary practice. In H. Scheiber & M. Kwon (Eds.), Securing the Ocean for the Next Generation: Papers from a Law of the Sea Institute, UC Berkeley-Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology Conference, held in Seoul, May 2012 (pp. 92-112). United States: University of California, Berkeley Law.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2198&context=lhapapers&unstamped=1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/1193

Start Page


  • 92

End Page


  • 112

Place Of Publication


  • http://www.law.berkeley.edu/15589.htm

Abstract


  • The emergence of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) in the 1970s

    placed potentially vast areas under national jurisdiction. From relatively

    modest territorial seas close to the coast as the only basis of fisheries

    jurisdiction for States, suddenly the international community embraced a new

    form of jurisdiction over resources that extended to fisheries up to 200 nautical

    miles from land. This extension brought over one third of the world’s oceans

    under national jurisdiction, or more importantly, approximately ninety percent

    of the world’s wild fish catch.

    While the possibility of bringing the resources of these areas under

    national control was of tremendous value to many developing States, the

    difficulties of enforcement over such areas were not so readily considered.

    Some States, notably the States of the South Pacific, but by no means

    restricted to them, simply lacked the capacity to police their waters and protect

    their resources from the depredation of others. A vast area subject to national

    jurisdiction would potentially require substantial assets at sea and in the air in

    order to effectively patrol, police, and enforce the new jurisdiction vested in

    States. For oil and gas exploitation, deployment of few if any coast guard or

    naval assets in the EEZ was not a huge difficulty, as exploitation of the seabed

    is a slow and expensive business. For fisheries, which can be far more

    cheaply exploited, and in a more transitory fashion, a lack of enforcement

    capacity represented a potentially serious impediment.

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Kaye, S. (2013). Enforcement cooperation in combatting illegal and unauthorized fishing: an assessment of contemporary practice. In H. Scheiber & M. Kwon (Eds.), Securing the Ocean for the Next Generation: Papers from a Law of the Sea Institute, UC Berkeley-Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology Conference, held in Seoul, May 2012 (pp. 92-112). United States: University of California, Berkeley Law.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2198&context=lhapapers&unstamped=1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/1193

Start Page


  • 92

End Page


  • 112

Place Of Publication


  • http://www.law.berkeley.edu/15589.htm