The adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) in early childhood educational settings, in particular touch screen technology such as interactive whiteboards and tablet computing devices has potential for use within early childhood educational institutions. We conducted a literature review in order to understand what literature currently exists in this research area. The nature of ICT implementation as a dynamic, complex process, and concepts of organisational innovation were considered when examining articles. We demonstrate that there is a significant gap in the body of knowledge in regards to touch screen technology in early childhood, particularly from a process perspective, and suggest that further research is required to understand the interplay between individual actions and organisational structural influences. This will contribute to the development of an understanding that can support the successful implementation of touch screen technology within early childhood educational institutions.