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Artificial muscles from fishing line and sewing thread

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The high cost of powerful, large-stroke, high-stress artificial muscles has combined with performance limitations such as low cycle life, hysteresis, and low efficiency to restrict applications. We demonstrated that inexpensive high-strength polymer fibers used for fishing line and sewing thread can be easily transformed by twist insertion to provide fast, scalable, nonhysteretic, long-life tensile and torsional muscles. Extreme twisting produces coiled muscles that can contract by 49%, lift loads over 100 times heavier than can human muscle of the same length and weight, and generate 5.3 kilowatts of mechanical work per kilogram of muscle weight, similar to that produced by a jet engine. Woven textiles that change porosity in response to temperature and actuating window shutters that could help conserve energy were also demonstrated. Large-stroke tensile actuation was theoretically and experimentally shown to result from torsional actuation.

Authors


  •   Haines, Carter S. (external author)
  •   Lima, Marcio Dias. (external author)
  •   Li, Na (external author)
  •   Spinks, Geoff M.
  •   Dr Foroughi, Javad
  •   Madden, John D. W. (external author)
  •   Kim, Shi Hyeong (external author)
  •   Fang, Shaoli (external author)
  •   de Andrade, Monica Jung (external author)
  •   Goktepe, Fatma (external author)
  •   Goktepe, Ozer (external author)
  •   Mirvakili, Seyed M. (external author)
  •   Naficy, Sina
  •   Lepro, Xavier (external author)
  •   Oh, Jiyoung (external author)
  •   Kozlov, Mikhail E. (external author)
  •   Kim, Seon Jeong. (external author)
  •   Xu, Xiuru (external author)
  •   Swedlove, Benjamin J. (external author)
  •   Wallace, Gordon G.
  •   Baughman, Ray H. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Haines, C. S., Lima, M. D., Li, N., Spinks, G. M., Foroughi, J., Madden, J. D. W., Kim, S., Fang, S., de Andrade, M., Goktepe, F., Goktepe, O., Mirvakili, S. M., Naficy, S., Lepro, X., Oh, J., Kozlov, M. E., Kim, S., Xu, X., Swedlove, B. J., Wallace, G. G. & Baughman, R. H. (2014). Artificial muscles from fishing line and sewing thread. Science, 343 (6173), 868-872.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84894286907

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/aiimpapers/1012

Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 868

End Page


  • 872

Volume


  • 343

Issue


  • 6173

Abstract


  • The high cost of powerful, large-stroke, high-stress artificial muscles has combined with performance limitations such as low cycle life, hysteresis, and low efficiency to restrict applications. We demonstrated that inexpensive high-strength polymer fibers used for fishing line and sewing thread can be easily transformed by twist insertion to provide fast, scalable, nonhysteretic, long-life tensile and torsional muscles. Extreme twisting produces coiled muscles that can contract by 49%, lift loads over 100 times heavier than can human muscle of the same length and weight, and generate 5.3 kilowatts of mechanical work per kilogram of muscle weight, similar to that produced by a jet engine. Woven textiles that change porosity in response to temperature and actuating window shutters that could help conserve energy were also demonstrated. Large-stroke tensile actuation was theoretically and experimentally shown to result from torsional actuation.

Authors


  •   Haines, Carter S. (external author)
  •   Lima, Marcio Dias. (external author)
  •   Li, Na (external author)
  •   Spinks, Geoff M.
  •   Dr Foroughi, Javad
  •   Madden, John D. W. (external author)
  •   Kim, Shi Hyeong (external author)
  •   Fang, Shaoli (external author)
  •   de Andrade, Monica Jung (external author)
  •   Goktepe, Fatma (external author)
  •   Goktepe, Ozer (external author)
  •   Mirvakili, Seyed M. (external author)
  •   Naficy, Sina
  •   Lepro, Xavier (external author)
  •   Oh, Jiyoung (external author)
  •   Kozlov, Mikhail E. (external author)
  •   Kim, Seon Jeong. (external author)
  •   Xu, Xiuru (external author)
  •   Swedlove, Benjamin J. (external author)
  •   Wallace, Gordon G.
  •   Baughman, Ray H. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2014

Citation


  • Haines, C. S., Lima, M. D., Li, N., Spinks, G. M., Foroughi, J., Madden, J. D. W., Kim, S., Fang, S., de Andrade, M., Goktepe, F., Goktepe, O., Mirvakili, S. M., Naficy, S., Lepro, X., Oh, J., Kozlov, M. E., Kim, S., Xu, X., Swedlove, B. J., Wallace, G. G. & Baughman, R. H. (2014). Artificial muscles from fishing line and sewing thread. Science, 343 (6173), 868-872.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84894286907

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/aiimpapers/1012

Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 868

End Page


  • 872

Volume


  • 343

Issue


  • 6173