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Who cares wins: The role of local news and news sources in influencing community responses to marine protected areas

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Mass media is a key tool by which environmental interventions, such as Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)

    are communicated to the public. The way in which local news outlets present and explain MPAs to local

    communities is likely to be influential in determining how they respond to the proposal. In particular the

    tendency of news media to focus on areas of conflict and dispute ensures ideology and politics play a

    central role in reporting of MPA proposals, often simplifying debate into an ‘us versus them’ or ‘fishers

    versus conservationists’ ideological conflict. This can lead to the outright rejection of an MPA or undermine

    acceptance of the park within local communities. The media coverage of two marine parks in

    NSW, Australia was compared to determine the way in which news presented the parks to each community

    and how this may have influenced public acceptance of the parks. In particular the study

    examined the role ideology and politics played in the news coverage of each park by investigating the

    way in which the news was framed and the positions of key media spokespeople. Media coverage of the

    Batemans Marine Park appears to have been highly politicised and heavily influenced by the strong

    convictions of a small handful of prominent spokespeople. By way of contrast media coverage of the Port

    Stephens Great Lakes Marine Park was more nuanced and drew from a wide range of sources. This

    research provides insight into how areas of conflict could be reframed as opportunities that enhance MPA

    planning exercises and highlights how ideology can help shape community sentiment. Acknowledging

    the role of ideology in contested areas such as these allows for the development of strategies that can

    accommodate as well as moderate its influence. These strategies may include the incorporation of

    ‘bottom up’ approaches into MPA planning, the promotion and support of a range of voices within the

    community, and seeking out and building upon common ground and shared values.

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Voyer, M., Dreher, T., Gladstone, W. & Goodall, H. "Who cares wins: The role of local news and news sources in influencing community responses to marine protected areas."^^ Ocean and Coastal Management 85 .Part A (2013): 29-38.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84887606609

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1529&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/530

Number Of Pages


  • 9

Start Page


  • 29

End Page


  • 38

Volume


  • 85

Issue


  • Part A

Abstract


  • Mass media is a key tool by which environmental interventions, such as Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)

    are communicated to the public. The way in which local news outlets present and explain MPAs to local

    communities is likely to be influential in determining how they respond to the proposal. In particular the

    tendency of news media to focus on areas of conflict and dispute ensures ideology and politics play a

    central role in reporting of MPA proposals, often simplifying debate into an ‘us versus them’ or ‘fishers

    versus conservationists’ ideological conflict. This can lead to the outright rejection of an MPA or undermine

    acceptance of the park within local communities. The media coverage of two marine parks in

    NSW, Australia was compared to determine the way in which news presented the parks to each community

    and how this may have influenced public acceptance of the parks. In particular the study

    examined the role ideology and politics played in the news coverage of each park by investigating the

    way in which the news was framed and the positions of key media spokespeople. Media coverage of the

    Batemans Marine Park appears to have been highly politicised and heavily influenced by the strong

    convictions of a small handful of prominent spokespeople. By way of contrast media coverage of the Port

    Stephens Great Lakes Marine Park was more nuanced and drew from a wide range of sources. This

    research provides insight into how areas of conflict could be reframed as opportunities that enhance MPA

    planning exercises and highlights how ideology can help shape community sentiment. Acknowledging

    the role of ideology in contested areas such as these allows for the development of strategies that can

    accommodate as well as moderate its influence. These strategies may include the incorporation of

    ‘bottom up’ approaches into MPA planning, the promotion and support of a range of voices within the

    community, and seeking out and building upon common ground and shared values.

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Voyer, M., Dreher, T., Gladstone, W. & Goodall, H. "Who cares wins: The role of local news and news sources in influencing community responses to marine protected areas."^^ Ocean and Coastal Management 85 .Part A (2013): 29-38.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84887606609

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1529&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/530

Number Of Pages


  • 9

Start Page


  • 29

End Page


  • 38

Volume


  • 85

Issue


  • Part A