Highly uniform, relatively large area TiO2/SnO 2/carbon hybrid nanofibers were synthesized by a simple method based on thermal pyrolysis and oxidation of an as-spun titanium-tin/polyacrylonitrile nanoweb composite in an argon atmosphere. This novel composite features the uniform dispersion and encapsulation of highly uniform nanoscale TiO 2/SnO2 crystals in a porous carbon matrix. The high porosity of the nanofiber composite material, together with the conductive carbon matrix, enhanced the electrochemical performance of the TiO 2/SnO2/carbon nanofiber electrode. The TiO 2/SnO2/carbon nanofiber electrode displays a reversible capacity of 442.8 mA h g-1 for up to 100 cycles, and exhibits excellent rate capability. The results indicate that the composite could be a promising anode candidate for lithium ion batteries. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.