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Neandertals made the first specialized bone tools in Europe

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Modern humans replaced Neandertals ∼40,000 y ago. Close to the time of replacement, Neandertals show behaviors similar to those of the modern humans arriving into Europe, including the use of specialized bone tools, body ornaments, and small blades. It is highly debated whether these modern behaviors developed before or as a result of contact with modern humans. Here we report the identification of a type of specialized bone tool, lissoir, previously only associated with modern humans. The microwear preserved on one of these lissoir is consistent with the use of lissoir in modern times to obtain supple, lustrous, and more impermeable hides. These tools are from a Neandertal context proceeding the replacement period and are the oldest specialized bone tools in Europe. As such, they are either a demonstration of independent invention by Neandertals or an indication that modern humans started influencing European Neandertals much earlier than previously believed. Because these finds clearly predate the oldest known age for the use of similar objects in Europe by anatomically modern humans, they could also be evidence for cultural diffusion from Neandertals to modern humans.

Authors


  •   Soressi, Marie (external author)
  •   McPherron, Shannon P. (external author)
  •   Lenoir, Michel (external author)
  •   Dogandzic, Tamara (external author)
  •   Goldberg, Paul (external author)
  •   Jacobs, Zenobia
  •   Maigrot, Yolaine (external author)
  •   Martisius, Naomi (external author)
  •   Miller, Christopher E. (external author)
  •   Rendu, William (external author)
  •   Richards, Michael P. (external author)
  •   Skinner, Matthew M. (external author)
  •   Steele, Teresa E. (external author)
  •   Talamo, Sahra (external author)
  •   Texier, Jean-Pierre (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Soressi, M., Mcpherron, S. P., Lenoir, M., Dogandzic, T., Goldberg, P., Jacobs, Z., Maigrot, Y., Martisius, N. L., Miller, C. E., Rendu, W., Richards, M., Skinner, M. M., Steele, T. E., Talamo, S. & Texier, J. (2013). Neandertals made the first specialized bone tools in Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, 110 (35), 14186-14190.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84883332945

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/1071

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 14186

End Page


  • 14190

Volume


  • 110

Issue


  • 35

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Modern humans replaced Neandertals ∼40,000 y ago. Close to the time of replacement, Neandertals show behaviors similar to those of the modern humans arriving into Europe, including the use of specialized bone tools, body ornaments, and small blades. It is highly debated whether these modern behaviors developed before or as a result of contact with modern humans. Here we report the identification of a type of specialized bone tool, lissoir, previously only associated with modern humans. The microwear preserved on one of these lissoir is consistent with the use of lissoir in modern times to obtain supple, lustrous, and more impermeable hides. These tools are from a Neandertal context proceeding the replacement period and are the oldest specialized bone tools in Europe. As such, they are either a demonstration of independent invention by Neandertals or an indication that modern humans started influencing European Neandertals much earlier than previously believed. Because these finds clearly predate the oldest known age for the use of similar objects in Europe by anatomically modern humans, they could also be evidence for cultural diffusion from Neandertals to modern humans.

Authors


  •   Soressi, Marie (external author)
  •   McPherron, Shannon P. (external author)
  •   Lenoir, Michel (external author)
  •   Dogandzic, Tamara (external author)
  •   Goldberg, Paul (external author)
  •   Jacobs, Zenobia
  •   Maigrot, Yolaine (external author)
  •   Martisius, Naomi (external author)
  •   Miller, Christopher E. (external author)
  •   Rendu, William (external author)
  •   Richards, Michael P. (external author)
  •   Skinner, Matthew M. (external author)
  •   Steele, Teresa E. (external author)
  •   Talamo, Sahra (external author)
  •   Texier, Jean-Pierre (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Soressi, M., Mcpherron, S. P., Lenoir, M., Dogandzic, T., Goldberg, P., Jacobs, Z., Maigrot, Y., Martisius, N. L., Miller, C. E., Rendu, W., Richards, M., Skinner, M. M., Steele, T. E., Talamo, S. & Texier, J. (2013). Neandertals made the first specialized bone tools in Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, 110 (35), 14186-14190.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84883332945

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/1071

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 14186

End Page


  • 14190

Volume


  • 110

Issue


  • 35

Place Of Publication


  • United States