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Parental employment and child behaviors: Do parenting practices underlie these relationships?

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • This study examined whether hours of parental employment were associated with child behaviors via parenting practices. The sample included 2,271 Australian children aged 4-5 years at baseline. Two-wave panel mediation models tested whether parenting practices that were warm, hostile, or characterized by inductive reasoning linked parent's hours of paid employment with their child's behavior at age 6-7 years. There were significant indirect effects linking mother employment to child behavior. No paid employment and full-time work hours were associated with more behavioral problems in children through less-warm parenting practices; few hours or long hours were associated with improved behavioral outcomes through less-hostile parenting practices. These findings may have implications for developing policies to enable parents to balance work and family demands.

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Hadzic, R., Magee, C. A. & Robinson, L. (2013). Parental employment and child behaviors: Do parenting practices underlie these relationships?. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 37 (4), 332-339.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84880275636

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1302&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/303

Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 332

End Page


  • 339

Volume


  • 37

Issue


  • 4

Abstract


  • This study examined whether hours of parental employment were associated with child behaviors via parenting practices. The sample included 2,271 Australian children aged 4-5 years at baseline. Two-wave panel mediation models tested whether parenting practices that were warm, hostile, or characterized by inductive reasoning linked parent's hours of paid employment with their child's behavior at age 6-7 years. There were significant indirect effects linking mother employment to child behavior. No paid employment and full-time work hours were associated with more behavioral problems in children through less-warm parenting practices; few hours or long hours were associated with improved behavioral outcomes through less-hostile parenting practices. These findings may have implications for developing policies to enable parents to balance work and family demands.

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Hadzic, R., Magee, C. A. & Robinson, L. (2013). Parental employment and child behaviors: Do parenting practices underlie these relationships?. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 37 (4), 332-339.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84880275636

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1302&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/303

Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 332

End Page


  • 339

Volume


  • 37

Issue


  • 4