In this chapter, I will situate Japan in the global flows of labour migration.
While the focus will largely be on migration patterns in recent decades,
it will first be necessary to review earlier patterns of mobility which have
had a role in shaping current routes and modes of migration. I use two
concepts to frame my discussion: Foucault's concept of "biopower" and an
adaptation of Connell's concept of the "global gender order", which I will
reframe as "the global order of difference".