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Four women, four incidents: gender, activism and martyrdom in modern Japan

Chapter


Abstract


  • The year 2010 marked two significant anniversaries in modem Japanese political

    history. It was the fiftieth anniversary of the struggle against the ratification of

    the 1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States

    of America and Japan (known colloquially as 'Anpo'), and the centenary of the

    high treason incident. Both of these events involved radical women who were

    martyred to their political causes: Kanno Suga in the high treason incident and

    Kanba Michiko in the Anpo struggle. The coincidence of these two anniversaries

    invites reflections on gender, martyrdom and activism and also suggests links

    between Kanno Suga, Kanba Michiko and other female activists in modem

    Japan. In this chapter, I would like to explore these themes through a focus on

    four radical women whose lives overlapped and on the four incidents in which

    they participated. I will consider Fukuda Hideko (also known by her maiden

    name, Kageyama) and the Osaka incident; Kanno Suga and the high treason

    incident; Nakamoto Takako and the anti-communist purges of the 1920s and

    1930s; and Kanba Michiko and the 1960 Anpo struggle. l These incidents and

    these lives span the history of modem Japan, from the freedom and popular

    rights movement of the 1880s to the struggle against the US-Japan Mutual

    Security Treaty in 1960 and the more recent commemorations of these events.

    These lives also span two political systems, that of imperial Japan (the regime of

    the Meiji Constitution and Civil Code from 1890 to 1945) and that of postwar

    Japan. One woman, Nakamoto Takako, experienced both of these political

    systems, and thus serves as a link between the two systems, the four incidents

    and the four individuals.

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Mackie, V. C. (2013). Four women, four incidents: gender, activism and martyrdom in modern Japan. In M. Gavin & B. Middleton (Eds.), Japan and the High Treason Incident (pp. 103-114). London: Routledge.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84917495447

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/833

Book Title


  • Japan and the High Treason Incident

Start Page


  • 103

End Page


  • 114

Abstract


  • The year 2010 marked two significant anniversaries in modem Japanese political

    history. It was the fiftieth anniversary of the struggle against the ratification of

    the 1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States

    of America and Japan (known colloquially as 'Anpo'), and the centenary of the

    high treason incident. Both of these events involved radical women who were

    martyred to their political causes: Kanno Suga in the high treason incident and

    Kanba Michiko in the Anpo struggle. The coincidence of these two anniversaries

    invites reflections on gender, martyrdom and activism and also suggests links

    between Kanno Suga, Kanba Michiko and other female activists in modem

    Japan. In this chapter, I would like to explore these themes through a focus on

    four radical women whose lives overlapped and on the four incidents in which

    they participated. I will consider Fukuda Hideko (also known by her maiden

    name, Kageyama) and the Osaka incident; Kanno Suga and the high treason

    incident; Nakamoto Takako and the anti-communist purges of the 1920s and

    1930s; and Kanba Michiko and the 1960 Anpo struggle. l These incidents and

    these lives span the history of modem Japan, from the freedom and popular

    rights movement of the 1880s to the struggle against the US-Japan Mutual

    Security Treaty in 1960 and the more recent commemorations of these events.

    These lives also span two political systems, that of imperial Japan (the regime of

    the Meiji Constitution and Civil Code from 1890 to 1945) and that of postwar

    Japan. One woman, Nakamoto Takako, experienced both of these political

    systems, and thus serves as a link between the two systems, the four incidents

    and the four individuals.

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Mackie, V. C. (2013). Four women, four incidents: gender, activism and martyrdom in modern Japan. In M. Gavin & B. Middleton (Eds.), Japan and the High Treason Incident (pp. 103-114). London: Routledge.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84917495447

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/833

Book Title


  • Japan and the High Treason Incident

Start Page


  • 103

End Page


  • 114