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Benefits and challenges of MPA strategies

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Abstract


  • During the 1950s and early 1960s, as coastal and marine ecosystems

    became increasingly degraded by human activities and heavily

    exploited by fishing, the calls for management and protection of the

    marine environments and resources became more stressing. The

    iinternational community started to develop a response to the need

    for effective conservation and management of coastal and marine

    systems. National and global policies were developed around concepts

    of integrated marine resources and environmental management, and

    were fostered by several international initiatives, including the United

    Naitons Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm in

    1972. (United Nations 1972), the protracted negotiations leading to the

    United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS; United

    Nations 1982) and the creation of the UNEP Regional Seas Programme

    in 1972.

    Marine protected areas (MPAs) have been considered and promoted

    as an important and interactive tool to achieve effective ocean

    conservation when nested in a broader framework of integrated

    management.

UOW Authors


  •   Toropova, Caitlyn (external author)
  •   Kenchington, Richard
  •   Vierros, Marjo (external author)
  •   Meliane, Imen (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2010

Citation


  • Toropova, C., Kenchington, R. Ambrose., Vierros, M. & Meliane, I. (2010). Benefits and challenges of MPA strategies. In C. Toropova, I. Meliane, D. Laffoley, E. Matthews & M. Spalding (Eds.), Global Ocean Protection: Present Status and Future Possibilities (pp. 11-24). Switzerland: IUCN.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1568&context=lhapapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/563

Book Title


  • Global Ocean Protection: Present Status and Future Possibilities

Start Page


  • 11

End Page


  • 24

Abstract


  • During the 1950s and early 1960s, as coastal and marine ecosystems

    became increasingly degraded by human activities and heavily

    exploited by fishing, the calls for management and protection of the

    marine environments and resources became more stressing. The

    iinternational community started to develop a response to the need

    for effective conservation and management of coastal and marine

    systems. National and global policies were developed around concepts

    of integrated marine resources and environmental management, and

    were fostered by several international initiatives, including the United

    Naitons Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm in

    1972. (United Nations 1972), the protracted negotiations leading to the

    United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS; United

    Nations 1982) and the creation of the UNEP Regional Seas Programme

    in 1972.

    Marine protected areas (MPAs) have been considered and promoted

    as an important and interactive tool to achieve effective ocean

    conservation when nested in a broader framework of integrated

    management.

UOW Authors


  •   Toropova, Caitlyn (external author)
  •   Kenchington, Richard
  •   Vierros, Marjo (external author)
  •   Meliane, Imen (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2010

Citation


  • Toropova, C., Kenchington, R. Ambrose., Vierros, M. & Meliane, I. (2010). Benefits and challenges of MPA strategies. In C. Toropova, I. Meliane, D. Laffoley, E. Matthews & M. Spalding (Eds.), Global Ocean Protection: Present Status and Future Possibilities (pp. 11-24). Switzerland: IUCN.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1568&context=lhapapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/563

Book Title


  • Global Ocean Protection: Present Status and Future Possibilities

Start Page


  • 11

End Page


  • 24