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IUU fishing in the Southern Ocean: challenge and response

Chapter


Abstract


  • This chapter considers the challenges posed by the illegal, unreported, and

    unregulated fishing (IUD fishing) in the Southern Ocean. The paper charts the

    growth in IUU fishing in sub-Antarctic waters from the mid-1990s, and the

    efforts of the international community to address it. It examines the challenges

    faced in detection and enforcement, and the limitations in the internationallegal

    mechanisms available to combat the problem. These mechanisms

    are both region-specific, with the Convention on the Conservation of

    Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), and global, with the United

    Nations Highly Migratory and Straddling Fish Stocks Agreement, and the

    various instruments, binding and non-binding, overseen by the Food and

    Agriculture Organization (FAO) directed at fisheries management. In the

    former case, CCAMLR's operation within the Antarctic Treaty System has

    created substantial challenges in responding effectively to the growth of IUU

    fishing. In the latter, the Fish Stocks Agreement and FAO Compliance

    Agreement have presented challenges in terms of international take-up, and

    structures that allow for effective response. The paper then examines the

    international responses to IUD fishing, both generally and from a regional

    perspective. These include greater international cooperation in enforcement,

    and the institution of a catch documentation scheme for the principally

    targeted species, Patagonian toothfish. These regional measures have proven

    effective in reducing, although not eliminating the problem. It concludes by

    considering what new issues affecting IUU fishing are potentially emerging.

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • S. B. Kaye, ''IUU fishing in the Southern Ocean: challenge and response'' in G. Triggs & A. Riddell(ed), Antarctica: Legal and Environmental Challenges for the Future (2007) 39-59.

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/508

Book Title


  • Antarctica: Legal and Environmental Challenges for the Future

Start Page


  • 39

End Page


  • 59

Abstract


  • This chapter considers the challenges posed by the illegal, unreported, and

    unregulated fishing (IUD fishing) in the Southern Ocean. The paper charts the

    growth in IUU fishing in sub-Antarctic waters from the mid-1990s, and the

    efforts of the international community to address it. It examines the challenges

    faced in detection and enforcement, and the limitations in the internationallegal

    mechanisms available to combat the problem. These mechanisms

    are both region-specific, with the Convention on the Conservation of

    Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), and global, with the United

    Nations Highly Migratory and Straddling Fish Stocks Agreement, and the

    various instruments, binding and non-binding, overseen by the Food and

    Agriculture Organization (FAO) directed at fisheries management. In the

    former case, CCAMLR's operation within the Antarctic Treaty System has

    created substantial challenges in responding effectively to the growth of IUU

    fishing. In the latter, the Fish Stocks Agreement and FAO Compliance

    Agreement have presented challenges in terms of international take-up, and

    structures that allow for effective response. The paper then examines the

    international responses to IUD fishing, both generally and from a regional

    perspective. These include greater international cooperation in enforcement,

    and the institution of a catch documentation scheme for the principally

    targeted species, Patagonian toothfish. These regional measures have proven

    effective in reducing, although not eliminating the problem. It concludes by

    considering what new issues affecting IUU fishing are potentially emerging.

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • S. B. Kaye, ''IUU fishing in the Southern Ocean: challenge and response'' in G. Triggs & A. Riddell(ed), Antarctica: Legal and Environmental Challenges for the Future (2007) 39-59.

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/508

Book Title


  • Antarctica: Legal and Environmental Challenges for the Future

Start Page


  • 39

End Page


  • 59