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Response of salt marsh and mangrove wetlands to changes in atmospheric CO2, climate, and sea level

Chapter


Abstract


  • Coastal salt marsh and mangrove ecosystems are particularly vulnerable

    to changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations and associated climate and climateinduced

    changes. We provide a review of the literature detailing theoretical predictions

    and observed responses of coastal wetlands to a range of climate change

    stressors, including CO2 , temperature, rainfall, and sea-level rise. This review incorporates

    a discussion of key processes controlling responses in different settings and

    thresholds of resilience derived from experimental and observational studies. We

    speci fi cally consider the potential and observed effects on salt marsh and mangrove

    vegetation of changes in (1) elevated [CO2 ] on physiology, growth, and distribution;

    (2) temperature on distribution and diversity; (3) rainfall and salinity regimes on

    growth and competitive interactions; and (4) sea level on geomorphological, hydrological,

    and biological processes.

Authors


Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Mckee, K., Rogers, K. & Saintilan, N. (2012). Response of salt marsh and mangrove wetlands to changes in atmospheric CO2, climate, and sea level. In B. A. Middleton (Ed.), Global Change and the Function and Distribution of Wetlands (pp. 63-96). New York: Springer.

International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13


  • 9789400744936

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85011552990

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/553

Book Title


  • Global Change and the Function and Distribution of Wetlands

Start Page


  • 63

End Page


  • 96

Place Of Publication


  • New York

Abstract


  • Coastal salt marsh and mangrove ecosystems are particularly vulnerable

    to changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations and associated climate and climateinduced

    changes. We provide a review of the literature detailing theoretical predictions

    and observed responses of coastal wetlands to a range of climate change

    stressors, including CO2 , temperature, rainfall, and sea-level rise. This review incorporates

    a discussion of key processes controlling responses in different settings and

    thresholds of resilience derived from experimental and observational studies. We

    speci fi cally consider the potential and observed effects on salt marsh and mangrove

    vegetation of changes in (1) elevated [CO2 ] on physiology, growth, and distribution;

    (2) temperature on distribution and diversity; (3) rainfall and salinity regimes on

    growth and competitive interactions; and (4) sea level on geomorphological, hydrological,

    and biological processes.

Authors


Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Mckee, K., Rogers, K. & Saintilan, N. (2012). Response of salt marsh and mangrove wetlands to changes in atmospheric CO2, climate, and sea level. In B. A. Middleton (Ed.), Global Change and the Function and Distribution of Wetlands (pp. 63-96). New York: Springer.

International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13


  • 9789400744936

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85011552990

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers/553

Book Title


  • Global Change and the Function and Distribution of Wetlands

Start Page


  • 63

End Page


  • 96

Place Of Publication


  • New York