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Transboundary environmental impact assessment in marine areas

Chapter


Abstract


  • One of the clearest messages to emerge from the wealth of environmental literature

    that has been generated since the late 1960s is that environmental degradation

    does not respect jurisdictional borders. Although many intemational and intrastate

    borders lie along geographical 'divides' such as mountain ridges and rivers, these

    natural features do not break physical and biological linkages of ecosystems.

    These linkages are often more pronounced where human-selected borders bisect

    especially fluid environments, such as the ocean in which there is constant

    movement of water, energy and marine life. Transboundary environmental

    problems are generally the result of planned human activities. They may be

    caused by specific development projects within one State or by activities in areas

    beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ), such as the high seas. Environmental impact

    assessment (EIA) has largely proven to be a successful tool for understanding

    and minimizing the environmental impacts of specific development projects or

    activities since it was adopted in numerous States from the early 1970s. There is

    extensive, worldwide, experience in conducting EIAs for large scale land-based

    projects. However, the application of EIA to developments and activities in the

    marine environment is of more recent origin and often more challenging because

    of the large geographical and temporal scale of potential environmental impacts,

    as well as the increased likelihood that environmental harm might be caused to

    neighbouring States. Degradation of marine environments also tends to be more

    difficult to monitor than terrestrial environments and ecosystems.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • W. Gullett, 'Transboundary environmental impact assessment in marine areas' in R. M. Warner & S. Marsden(ed), Transboundary Environmental Governance: Inland, Coastal and Marine Perspectives (2012) 269-296.

International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13


  • 9781409444930

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84938283777

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/392

Book Title


  • Transboundary Environmental Governance: Inland, Coastal and Marine Perspectives

Start Page


  • 269

End Page


  • 296

Place Of Publication


  • Farnham, Surrey, UK

Abstract


  • One of the clearest messages to emerge from the wealth of environmental literature

    that has been generated since the late 1960s is that environmental degradation

    does not respect jurisdictional borders. Although many intemational and intrastate

    borders lie along geographical 'divides' such as mountain ridges and rivers, these

    natural features do not break physical and biological linkages of ecosystems.

    These linkages are often more pronounced where human-selected borders bisect

    especially fluid environments, such as the ocean in which there is constant

    movement of water, energy and marine life. Transboundary environmental

    problems are generally the result of planned human activities. They may be

    caused by specific development projects within one State or by activities in areas

    beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ), such as the high seas. Environmental impact

    assessment (EIA) has largely proven to be a successful tool for understanding

    and minimizing the environmental impacts of specific development projects or

    activities since it was adopted in numerous States from the early 1970s. There is

    extensive, worldwide, experience in conducting EIAs for large scale land-based

    projects. However, the application of EIA to developments and activities in the

    marine environment is of more recent origin and often more challenging because

    of the large geographical and temporal scale of potential environmental impacts,

    as well as the increased likelihood that environmental harm might be caused to

    neighbouring States. Degradation of marine environments also tends to be more

    difficult to monitor than terrestrial environments and ecosystems.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • W. Gullett, 'Transboundary environmental impact assessment in marine areas' in R. M. Warner & S. Marsden(ed), Transboundary Environmental Governance: Inland, Coastal and Marine Perspectives (2012) 269-296.

International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13


  • 9781409444930

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84938283777

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/392

Book Title


  • Transboundary Environmental Governance: Inland, Coastal and Marine Perspectives

Start Page


  • 269

End Page


  • 296

Place Of Publication


  • Farnham, Surrey, UK