This synthesis reflects on the ways in which multiple viewpoints and knowledge types, including
biophysical and socioeconomic science, lay, managerial and Indigenous knowledge, can be
used by stakeholders and decision-makers seeking to achieve coastal sustainability in Australia.
It draws primarily on a review of coastal management across Australia, international
experience in coastal management and four Australian regional studies of coastal management
Derwent and Huon estuaries in Tasmania; South-east Queensland (SEQ); Ningaloo in
Western Australia; and the Great Barrier Reef. The regional studies present a range of contexts
for the management of the tensions among social, cultural, ecological and economic attributes
and uses of the coast. These tensions are longstanding but have become more urgent in the
context of addressing the expected effects of climate change.