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Factor analysis and validity of a short six-item version of the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Reductions in cravings have been associated with improved recovery from alcohol and other drug use problems. Self-report assessments of cravings provide a way of monitoring progress over the course of treatment particularly in residential settings. There is a need to develop brief craving measures suitable for repeat administration. The aim of the study was to assess the reliability and validity of a six-item version of the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire (DAQ-6). In study 1 exploratory factor analysis involving 710 participants attending residential treatment revealed two factors: 'expectancy of negative reinforcement' and 'strong desires and intentions'. In study 2 confirmatory factor analysis replicated this factor structure in an independent sample of 116 participants. Both studies provided evidence for convergent and discriminant validity of the DAQ-6 when compared to other measures. The DAQ-6 shows promise as a brief self-report measure of cravings but the utility of the separate subscales in treatment contexts requires further research.

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Mo, C., Deane, F. P., Lyons, G. C. & Kelly, P. (2013). Factor analysis and validity of a short six-item version of the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 44 (5), 557-564.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84875078811

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1136&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/137

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 557

End Page


  • 564

Volume


  • 44

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Reductions in cravings have been associated with improved recovery from alcohol and other drug use problems. Self-report assessments of cravings provide a way of monitoring progress over the course of treatment particularly in residential settings. There is a need to develop brief craving measures suitable for repeat administration. The aim of the study was to assess the reliability and validity of a six-item version of the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire (DAQ-6). In study 1 exploratory factor analysis involving 710 participants attending residential treatment revealed two factors: 'expectancy of negative reinforcement' and 'strong desires and intentions'. In study 2 confirmatory factor analysis replicated this factor structure in an independent sample of 116 participants. Both studies provided evidence for convergent and discriminant validity of the DAQ-6 when compared to other measures. The DAQ-6 shows promise as a brief self-report measure of cravings but the utility of the separate subscales in treatment contexts requires further research.

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Mo, C., Deane, F. P., Lyons, G. C. & Kelly, P. (2013). Factor analysis and validity of a short six-item version of the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 44 (5), 557-564.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84875078811

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1136&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/137

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 557

End Page


  • 564

Volume


  • 44

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


  • United States