In order to improve the efficiency of grain refinement, a study on the modified process (called Non-equal channel angular pressing) from the conventional equal channel angular pressing has been conducted. The deformation behavior of aluminum alloy AA1050 deformed by the Non-equal channel angular pressing which has a smaller width in the exit channel than the entry channel was examined based on the finite element simulations. The results revealed that a smaller ratio of dE and dI (dE/dI) leads to a larger equivalent plastic strain. It is not only beneficial to enhance the plastic deformation but also very helpful to get rid of the development of dead zone in the outer corner of die by decreasing the exit channel width by comparing with the conventional process. © (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.