This chapter will first summarise the range of definitions that have been provided for peer
support, in a mental health context. Clarifications of the different aims of peer support
initiatives aud the potential psychological processes that underpin them are then provided.
Three key forms that peer support groups may take are then described and we track
Sam as he experiences peer support in the context of job seeking. A summary of existing
empirical evidence for peer support groups is provided before examining some of the
necessary tensions that may exist between the alternative views of those coming from
inside the consumerlsurvivor/ex-patient (clslx) movement perspective, and the traditional
discourses based on the medical approach. A series of recommendations is then offered
for those who are working or about to work within a peer support framework in mental
health. The recommendations include things to do and things to avoid.