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Atmospheric carbon dioxide retrieved from the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT): Comparison with ground-based TCCON observations and GEOS-Chem model calculations

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • We retrieved column-averaged dry air mole fractions of atmospheric carbon dioxide (XCO 2) from backscattered short-wave infrared (SWIR) sunlight measured by the Japanese Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT). Over two years of XCO 2 retrieved from GOSAT is compared with XCO 2 inferred from collocated SWIR measurements by seven ground-based Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) stations. The average difference between GOSAT and TCCON XCO 2 for individual TCCON sites ranges from -0.87 ppm to 0.77 ppm with a mean value of 0.1 ppm and standard deviation of 0.56 ppm. We find an average bias between all GOSAT and TCCON XCO 2 retrievals of -0.20 ppm with a standard deviation of 2.26 ppm and a correlation coefficient of 0.75. One year of XCO 2 was retrieved from GOSAT globally, which was compared to global 3-D GEOS-Chem chemistry transport model calculations. We find that the latitudinal gradient, seasonal cycles, and spatial variability of GOSAT and GEOS-Chem agree well in general with a correlation coefficient of 0.61. Regional differences between GEOS-Chem model calculations and GOSAT observations are typically less than 1 ppm except for the Sahara and central Asia where a mean difference between 2 to 3 ppm is observed, indicating regional biases in the GOSAT XCO 2 retrievals unobserved by the current TCCON network. Using a bias correction scheme based on linear regression these regional biases are significantly reduced, approaching the required accuracy for surface flux inversions. © 2012. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

UOW Authors


  •   Cogan, Austin (external author)
  •   Boesch, Hartmut (external author)
  •   Parker, Robert J. (external author)
  •   Feng, L (external author)
  •   Palmer, Paul I. (external author)
  •   Blavier, Jean-Francois L. (external author)
  •   Deutscher, Nicholas
  •   Macatangay, Ronald (external author)
  •   Notholt, Justus (external author)
  •   Roehl, Coleen M. (external author)
  •   Warneke, Thorsten (external author)
  •   Wunch, Debra (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Cogan, A., Boesch, H., Parker, R., Feng, L., Palmer, P., Blavier, J., Deutscher, N. M., Macatangay, R., Notholt, J., Roehl, C. M., Warneke, T. & Wunch, D. (2012). Atmospheric carbon dioxide retrieved from the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT): Comparison with ground-based TCCON observations and GEOS-Chem model calculations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (21), D21301-1-D21301-17.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84868647602

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=8051&context=scipapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/scipapers/4708

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • D21301-1

End Page


  • D21301-17

Volume


  • 117

Issue


  • 21

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • We retrieved column-averaged dry air mole fractions of atmospheric carbon dioxide (XCO 2) from backscattered short-wave infrared (SWIR) sunlight measured by the Japanese Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT). Over two years of XCO 2 retrieved from GOSAT is compared with XCO 2 inferred from collocated SWIR measurements by seven ground-based Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) stations. The average difference between GOSAT and TCCON XCO 2 for individual TCCON sites ranges from -0.87 ppm to 0.77 ppm with a mean value of 0.1 ppm and standard deviation of 0.56 ppm. We find an average bias between all GOSAT and TCCON XCO 2 retrievals of -0.20 ppm with a standard deviation of 2.26 ppm and a correlation coefficient of 0.75. One year of XCO 2 was retrieved from GOSAT globally, which was compared to global 3-D GEOS-Chem chemistry transport model calculations. We find that the latitudinal gradient, seasonal cycles, and spatial variability of GOSAT and GEOS-Chem agree well in general with a correlation coefficient of 0.61. Regional differences between GEOS-Chem model calculations and GOSAT observations are typically less than 1 ppm except for the Sahara and central Asia where a mean difference between 2 to 3 ppm is observed, indicating regional biases in the GOSAT XCO 2 retrievals unobserved by the current TCCON network. Using a bias correction scheme based on linear regression these regional biases are significantly reduced, approaching the required accuracy for surface flux inversions. © 2012. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

UOW Authors


  •   Cogan, Austin (external author)
  •   Boesch, Hartmut (external author)
  •   Parker, Robert J. (external author)
  •   Feng, L (external author)
  •   Palmer, Paul I. (external author)
  •   Blavier, Jean-Francois L. (external author)
  •   Deutscher, Nicholas
  •   Macatangay, Ronald (external author)
  •   Notholt, Justus (external author)
  •   Roehl, Coleen M. (external author)
  •   Warneke, Thorsten (external author)
  •   Wunch, Debra (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Cogan, A., Boesch, H., Parker, R., Feng, L., Palmer, P., Blavier, J., Deutscher, N. M., Macatangay, R., Notholt, J., Roehl, C. M., Warneke, T. & Wunch, D. (2012). Atmospheric carbon dioxide retrieved from the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT): Comparison with ground-based TCCON observations and GEOS-Chem model calculations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (21), D21301-1-D21301-17.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84868647602

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=8051&context=scipapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/scipapers/4708

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • D21301-1

End Page


  • D21301-17

Volume


  • 117

Issue


  • 21

Place Of Publication


  • United States