Skip to main content
placeholder image

Prevalence and correlates of low fundamental movement skill competency in children

Journal Article


Abstract


  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic and health-related characteristics of

    school-aged children with low competency in fundamental movement skills

    (FMS).

    METHODS: Cross-sectional representative school-based survey of Australian

    elementary and high school students (n = 6917) conducted in 2010. Trained

    field staff measured students’ height, weight, and assessed FMS and

    cardiorespiratory endurance (fitness). Information on students’ demographics

    and physical activity was collected by questionnaire.

    RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of students with low motor skill competency

    was high. Girls with low socioeconomic status (SES) were twice as likely to be

    less competent in locomotor skills compared with high SES peers. Among

    boys, there was a strong association between low competency in FMS and the

    likelihood of being from non–English-speaking cultural backgrounds. There

    was a clear and consistent association between low competency in FMS and

    inadequate cardiorespiratory fitness. For boys, there was a clear association

    between low competency in object-control skills and not meeting physical

    activity recommendations. Conversely, the odds of being inactive were double

    among girls who had low competency in locomotor skills.

    CONCLUSIONS: Low competency in FMS is strongly associated with lower

    cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity levels in children and

    adolescents. The characteristics of students with competency in FMS differ by

    gender and skills types and show that interventions need to target girls from

    low SES backgrounds and boys from non–English-speaking cultural

    backgrounds. The high prevalence of low competency in FMS among Grade 4

    students indicates that FMS interventions need to start during the preschool

    and early school years.

Authors


  •   Hardy, Louise L. (external author)
  •   Reinten-Reynolds, T (external author)
  •   Espinel, Paola T. (external author)
  •   Zask, Avigdor (external author)
  •   Okely, Anthony D.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Hardy, L. L., Reinten-Reynolds, T., Espinel, P., Zask, A. & Okely, A. D. (2012). Prevalence and correlates of low fundamental movement skill competency in children. Pediatrics, 130 (2), E390-E398.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84864497616

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/81

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • E390

End Page


  • E398

Volume


  • 130

Issue


  • 2

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic and health-related characteristics of

    school-aged children with low competency in fundamental movement skills

    (FMS).

    METHODS: Cross-sectional representative school-based survey of Australian

    elementary and high school students (n = 6917) conducted in 2010. Trained

    field staff measured students’ height, weight, and assessed FMS and

    cardiorespiratory endurance (fitness). Information on students’ demographics

    and physical activity was collected by questionnaire.

    RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of students with low motor skill competency

    was high. Girls with low socioeconomic status (SES) were twice as likely to be

    less competent in locomotor skills compared with high SES peers. Among

    boys, there was a strong association between low competency in FMS and the

    likelihood of being from non–English-speaking cultural backgrounds. There

    was a clear and consistent association between low competency in FMS and

    inadequate cardiorespiratory fitness. For boys, there was a clear association

    between low competency in object-control skills and not meeting physical

    activity recommendations. Conversely, the odds of being inactive were double

    among girls who had low competency in locomotor skills.

    CONCLUSIONS: Low competency in FMS is strongly associated with lower

    cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity levels in children and

    adolescents. The characteristics of students with competency in FMS differ by

    gender and skills types and show that interventions need to target girls from

    low SES backgrounds and boys from non–English-speaking cultural

    backgrounds. The high prevalence of low competency in FMS among Grade 4

    students indicates that FMS interventions need to start during the preschool

    and early school years.

Authors


  •   Hardy, Louise L. (external author)
  •   Reinten-Reynolds, T (external author)
  •   Espinel, Paola T. (external author)
  •   Zask, Avigdor (external author)
  •   Okely, Anthony D.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Hardy, L. L., Reinten-Reynolds, T., Espinel, P., Zask, A. & Okely, A. D. (2012). Prevalence and correlates of low fundamental movement skill competency in children. Pediatrics, 130 (2), E390-E398.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84864497616

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/81

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • E390

End Page


  • E398

Volume


  • 130

Issue


  • 2

Place Of Publication


  • United States