Skip to main content

Measuring optimism in organizations: development of a workplace explanatory style questionnaire

Journal Article


Download full-text (Open Access)

Abstract


  • Some researchers measure optimism by analysing explanations for hypotheti-

    cal scenarios in explanatory style questionnaires. The most commonly used instrument, the

    Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ), has been shown to predict success in business,

    education and sport. However, these predictions were achieved by using composite scores

    of subscales. Our analysis of 15 measures revealed the ASQ and many other explanatory

    style questionnaires have low internal consistency. Furthermore, the majority of these

    measures use situations that have poor face validity for corporate applications, while some

    work-specific scenarios are only relevant to narrow domains such as selling insurance. To

    fulfil the need for a work-related explanatory style measure that could assess levels of

    optimism in any organizational setting, we developed the Workplace Explanations Survey

    (WES). This 5-factor measure was tested on a sample of 341 individuals working in a

    range of organizations and it has good internal consistency. We anticipate the WES will

    stimulate research into workplace optimism and provide clearer insights for optimism

    training, thus boosting both individual and organizational success.

UOW Authors


  •   Smith, Paul A. (external author)
  •   Caputi, Peter
  •   Crittenden, Nadia (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Smith, P., Caputi, P. & Crittenden, N. (2013). Measuring optimism in organizations: development of a workplace explanatory style questionnaire. Journal of Happiness Studies, 14 (2), 415-432.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84876869876

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1133&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/134

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 17

Start Page


  • 415

End Page


  • 432

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 2

Place Of Publication


  • Netherlands

Abstract


  • Some researchers measure optimism by analysing explanations for hypotheti-

    cal scenarios in explanatory style questionnaires. The most commonly used instrument, the

    Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ), has been shown to predict success in business,

    education and sport. However, these predictions were achieved by using composite scores

    of subscales. Our analysis of 15 measures revealed the ASQ and many other explanatory

    style questionnaires have low internal consistency. Furthermore, the majority of these

    measures use situations that have poor face validity for corporate applications, while some

    work-specific scenarios are only relevant to narrow domains such as selling insurance. To

    fulfil the need for a work-related explanatory style measure that could assess levels of

    optimism in any organizational setting, we developed the Workplace Explanations Survey

    (WES). This 5-factor measure was tested on a sample of 341 individuals working in a

    range of organizations and it has good internal consistency. We anticipate the WES will

    stimulate research into workplace optimism and provide clearer insights for optimism

    training, thus boosting both individual and organizational success.

UOW Authors


  •   Smith, Paul A. (external author)
  •   Caputi, Peter
  •   Crittenden, Nadia (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2013

Citation


  • Smith, P., Caputi, P. & Crittenden, N. (2013). Measuring optimism in organizations: development of a workplace explanatory style questionnaire. Journal of Happiness Studies, 14 (2), 415-432.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84876869876

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1133&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/134

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 17

Start Page


  • 415

End Page


  • 432

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 2

Place Of Publication


  • Netherlands