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Can we trust the general trust question? A survey experiment

Conference Paper


Abstract


  • The extent to which citizens trust one another is a key concern around the world. Robert Putnam’s infl uential theory of social capital has led

    to academic and policy interest in comparative and longitudinal variation in citizen trust. In the United States, Britain and other advanced

    democracies, the long-term trend appears to be downward, leading to pessimistic conclusions regarding the social atomisation and

    fragmentation of modern societies. The vast majority of the empirical evidence for this decline in social trust comes from what we refer

    to as the General Trust Question (GTQ). This question, which has been fi elded in a great many national and international surveys, asks

    respondents to choose whether they think ‘most people can be trusted’, or ‘you can’t be too sure’. Clearly, this question is not without its

    problems methodologically. First, it is worded in a very general way. There is good evidence to suggest that questions of a very general

    nature tend to be interpreted in diverse ways by respondents and are particularly sensitive to context and quesation ordering effects (Bishop

    2005). Second, in some surveys the GTQ is offered with two response alternatives (“can be trusted” or “can’t be too careful”) and in others

    an “it depends” option is is offered. It is not at present clear what the effect is of offering this additional response alternative and whether

    it is potential ‘trusters’ or ‘non-trusters’ from the binary alternative, who are more likely to choose it. In this paper we present results from a

    split ballot experiment to evaluate the sensitivity of the GTQ to these varying response formats and to context and framing effects arising

    from question ordering. Results indicate that sometimes large differences in levels of trust can emerge as a function of response format and

    question order.

Authors


  •   Allum, Nick (external author)
  •   Sturgis, Patrick (external author)
  •   Patulny, Roger
  •   Smith, Patten (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • Allum, N., Sturgis, P., Patulny, R. & Smith, P. 2007, ''Can we trust the general trust question? A survey experiment'', 62nd American Association for Public Opinion Research Annual Conference, pp. 156-156.

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/artspapers/1377

Start Page


  • 156

End Page


  • 156

Abstract


  • The extent to which citizens trust one another is a key concern around the world. Robert Putnam’s infl uential theory of social capital has led

    to academic and policy interest in comparative and longitudinal variation in citizen trust. In the United States, Britain and other advanced

    democracies, the long-term trend appears to be downward, leading to pessimistic conclusions regarding the social atomisation and

    fragmentation of modern societies. The vast majority of the empirical evidence for this decline in social trust comes from what we refer

    to as the General Trust Question (GTQ). This question, which has been fi elded in a great many national and international surveys, asks

    respondents to choose whether they think ‘most people can be trusted’, or ‘you can’t be too sure’. Clearly, this question is not without its

    problems methodologically. First, it is worded in a very general way. There is good evidence to suggest that questions of a very general

    nature tend to be interpreted in diverse ways by respondents and are particularly sensitive to context and quesation ordering effects (Bishop

    2005). Second, in some surveys the GTQ is offered with two response alternatives (“can be trusted” or “can’t be too careful”) and in others

    an “it depends” option is is offered. It is not at present clear what the effect is of offering this additional response alternative and whether

    it is potential ‘trusters’ or ‘non-trusters’ from the binary alternative, who are more likely to choose it. In this paper we present results from a

    split ballot experiment to evaluate the sensitivity of the GTQ to these varying response formats and to context and framing effects arising

    from question ordering. Results indicate that sometimes large differences in levels of trust can emerge as a function of response format and

    question order.

Authors


  •   Allum, Nick (external author)
  •   Sturgis, Patrick (external author)
  •   Patulny, Roger
  •   Smith, Patten (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • Allum, N., Sturgis, P., Patulny, R. & Smith, P. 2007, ''Can we trust the general trust question? A survey experiment'', 62nd American Association for Public Opinion Research Annual Conference, pp. 156-156.

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/artspapers/1377

Start Page


  • 156

End Page


  • 156